Fourth universal definition of myocardial infarction (2018)

Kristian Thygesen, Joseph S. Alpert, Allan S. Jaffe, Bernard R. Chaitman, Jeroen J. Bax, David A. Morrow, Harvey D. White, Hans Mickley, Filippo Crea, Frans Van De Werf, Chiara Bucciarelli-Ducci, Hugo A. Katus, Fausto J. Pinto, Elliott M. Antman, Christian W. Hamm, Raffaele De Caterina, James L. Januzzi, Fred S. Apple, Maria Angeles Alonso Garcia, S. Richard UnderwoodJohn M. Canty, Alexander R. Lyon, P. J. Devereaux, Jose Luis Zamorano, Bertil Lindahl, William S. Weintraub, L. Kristin Newby, Renu Virmani, Pascal Vranckx, Don Cutlip, Raymond J. Gibbons, Sidney C. Smith, Dan Atar, Russell V. Luepker, Rose Marie Robertson, Robert O. Bonow, P. Gabriel Steg, Patrick T. O’Gara, Keith A.A. Fox, David Hasdai, Victor Aboyans, Stephan Achenbach, Stefan Agewall, Thomas Alexander, Alvaro Avezum, Emanuele Barbato, Jean Pierre Bassand, Eric Bates, John A. Bittl, Güenter Breithardt, Héctor Bueno, Raffaele Bugiardini, Mauricio G. Cohen, George Dangas, James A. De Lemos, Victoria Delgado, Gerasimos Filippatos, Edward Fry, Christopher B. Granger, Sigrun Halvorsen, Mark A. Hlatky, Borja Ibanez, Stefan James, Adnan Kastrati, Christophe Leclercq, Kenneth W. Mahaffey, Laxmi Mehta, Christian Müller, Carlo Patrono, Massimo Francesco Piepoli, Daniel Piñeiro, Marco Roffi, Andrea Rubboli, Samin Sharma, Iain A. Simpson, Michael Tendera, Marco Valgimigli, Allard C. Van Der Wal, Stephan Windecker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

303 Scopus citations
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)237-269
Number of pages33
JournalEuropean Heart Journal
Volume40
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • Cardiac procedural myocardial injury
  • Cardiac troponin
  • Expert Consensus Document
  • High sensitivity cardiac troponin
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA)
  • Myocardial injury
  • Prior myocardial infarction
  • Re-infarction
  • Recurrent myocardial infarction
  • Silent myocardial infarction
  • Takotsubo syndrome
  • Type 1 MI
  • Type 2 MI
  • Type 3 MI
  • Type 4a MI
  • Type 4b MI
  • Type 4c MI
  • Type 5 MI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Thygesen, K., Alpert, J. S., Jaffe, A. S., Chaitman, B. R., Bax, J. J., Morrow, D. A., White, H. D., Mickley, H., Crea, F., Van De Werf, F., Bucciarelli-Ducci, C., Katus, H. A., Pinto, F. J., Antman, E. M., Hamm, C. W., De Caterina, R., Januzzi, J. L., Apple, F. S., Garcia, M. A. A., ... Windecker, S. (2019). Fourth universal definition of myocardial infarction (2018). European Heart Journal, 40(3), 237-269. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehy462