To determine the frequency, duration, magnitude, and possible adverse effects of ischemia during intracoronary ultrasonography, real-time standard 12-lead electrocardiograms were recorded before, during, and after ultrasonography. Ischemia was defined as new-onset ST segment deviation of ≤1 mm in one or more leads, measured at J + 80 msec. The magnitude of ischemia was expressed as the sum of absolute ST segment deviations across 12 leads. Eighteen (67%) of 27 patients had ischemia during intracoronary ultrasonography. The electrocardiogram resembled the characteristic pattern observed with occlusion of the vessel under study, involving ST segment elevation in contiguous leads in 89% of patients. A higher proportion of women (88%) had ischemia than men (58%), and women had smaller arterial lumenal areas compared with men (6.3 vs 9.1 mm2; p < 0.05). Individuals with ischemia were smaller than those without ischemia (body surface area = 1.99 vs 1.79 m2; p = 0.01). The mean duration of ischemia was 4 minutes and the mean 12-lead ST segment deviation score was 8.5 mm (maximum 20.5 mm). No patient with ischemia during ultrasonography had complications. Ischemia is common during intracoronary ultrasonography, particularly in women and individuals with smaller vessels; however, no adverse outcomes occur as a result.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine