Primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma (PMBCL) is a distinct subtype of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. PMBCL has been previously studied with a variety of genomic techniques resulting in frequent detection of chromosomal gains; however, chromosomal losses have been rarely reported. This finding contrasts many other types of lymphoma, in which deletions are common. We hypothesize that segmental losses do exist but may have escaped detection by methods used in the previous studies. Using array comparative genomic hybridization to a tiling-resolution microarray encompassing the entire human genome, PMBCL samples were analyzed for genomic copy number alterations. An almost equal number of gains and losses of chromosomal material were detected throughout the genome (216 vs. 193, respectively). A selection of these DNA copy number alterations were confirmed by quantitative real-time PCR. Recurrent gains were detected at all previously reported regions of gain, including 9p seen in ∼70% of cases. Recurrent chromosomal losses were observed at 1p, 3p, 4q, 6q, 7p, and 17p, with a novel event at 1p13.1-p13.2 representing the most frequent at 42% of cases analyzed. We conclude that consistent losses are present in the PMBCL genome. Given the similar frequency of losses to that of segmental gains of DNA, they are likely to play an important role in the pathogenesis of PMBCL.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research