From pauses to clauses: Prosody facilitates learning of syntactic constituency

Kara Hawthorne, Louann Gerken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Learning to parse the speech stream into syntactic constituents is a crucial prerequisite to adult-like sentence comprehension, and prosody is one source of information that could be used for this task. To test the role of prosody in facilitating constituent learning, 19-month-olds were familiarized with non-word sentences with 1-clause (ABCDEF) or 2-clause (ABC, DEF) prosody and were then tested on sentences that represent a grammatical (DEF, ABC) or ungrammatical (EFA, BCD) 'movement' of the clauses from the 2-clause familiarization sentences. If infants in the 2-clause group are able to use prosody to group words into cohesive chunks, they should discriminate between grammatical and ungrammatical movements in the test items, even though the test sentences have a new prosodic contour. The 1-clause, control, group should not discriminate. Results support these predictions and suggest that infants treat prosodically-grouped words as more cohesive and constituent-like than words that straddle a prosodic boundary. A follow-up experiment suggests that these results do not merely reflect recognition of words in boundary positions or acoustic similarity of words across the familiarization and test phases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)420-428
Number of pages9
JournalCognition
Volume133
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Learning
Acoustics
learning
infant
Control Groups
Group
source of information
acoustics
comprehension
butyl phosphorotrithioate
Clause
Syntax
Constituency
Prosody
Pause
experiment
Recognition (Psychology)
Constituent

Keywords

  • Constituency
  • Language acquisition
  • Prosodic bootstrapping
  • Prosody
  • Syntax acquisition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Linguistics and Language
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

From pauses to clauses : Prosody facilitates learning of syntactic constituency. / Hawthorne, Kara; Gerken, Louann.

In: Cognition, Vol. 133, No. 2, 2014, p. 420-428.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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