From the Bay of Naples to the River Don: the Campanian Ignimbrite eruption and the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition in Eastern Europe

John F. Hoffecker, Vance T Holliday, M. V. Anikovich, A. A. Sinitsyn, V. V. Popov, S. N. Lisitsyn, G. M. Levkovskaya, G. A. Pospelova, Steven L. Forman, Biagio Giaccio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Campanian Ignimbrite (CI) eruption, dated by 40Ar/39Ar and various stratigraphic methods to ca. 39,000 cal BP, generated a massive ash plume from its source in southern Italy across Southeastern and Eastern Europe. At the Kostenki-Borshchevo open-air sites on the Middle Don River in Russia, Upper Paleolithic artifact assemblages are buried below, within, and above the CI tephra (which is redeposited by slope action at most sites) on the second terrace. Luminescence and radiocarbon dating, paleomagnetism, and soil and pollen stratigraphy provide further basis for correlation with the Greenland and North Atlantic climate stratigraphy. The oldest Upper Paleolithic occupation layers at Kostenki-Borshchevo may be broadly correlated with warm intervals that preceded the CI event and Heinrich Event 4 (HE4; Greenland Interstadial: GI 12-GI 9) dating to ca. 45,000-41,000 cal BP. These layers contain an industry not currently recognized in other parts of Europe. Early Upper Paleolithic layers above the CI tephra are correlated with HE4 and warm intervals that occurred during 38,000-30,000 cal BP (GI 8-GI 5), and include an assemblage that is assigned to the Aurigancian industry, associated with skeletal remains of modern humans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)858-870
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Human Evolution
Volume55
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2008

Fingerprint

tephra
Paleolithic
Eastern European region
ignimbrite
stratigraphy
Greenland
Campanian
Eastern Europe
volcanic eruption
river
industry
radiocarbon dating
rivers
event
luminescence
terraces
Southeastern Europe
Russia
artifact
occupation

Keywords

  • Climate stratigraphy
  • Early Upper Paleolithic
  • Eastern Europe
  • Geochronology
  • Kostenki-Borshchevo
  • Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Cite this

From the Bay of Naples to the River Don : the Campanian Ignimbrite eruption and the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition in Eastern Europe. / Hoffecker, John F.; Holliday, Vance T; Anikovich, M. V.; Sinitsyn, A. A.; Popov, V. V.; Lisitsyn, S. N.; Levkovskaya, G. M.; Pospelova, G. A.; Forman, Steven L.; Giaccio, Biagio.

In: Journal of Human Evolution, Vol. 55, No. 5, 11.2008, p. 858-870.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hoffecker, JF, Holliday, VT, Anikovich, MV, Sinitsyn, AA, Popov, VV, Lisitsyn, SN, Levkovskaya, GM, Pospelova, GA, Forman, SL & Giaccio, B 2008, 'From the Bay of Naples to the River Don: the Campanian Ignimbrite eruption and the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition in Eastern Europe', Journal of Human Evolution, vol. 55, no. 5, pp. 858-870. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2008.08.018
Hoffecker, John F. ; Holliday, Vance T ; Anikovich, M. V. ; Sinitsyn, A. A. ; Popov, V. V. ; Lisitsyn, S. N. ; Levkovskaya, G. M. ; Pospelova, G. A. ; Forman, Steven L. ; Giaccio, Biagio. / From the Bay of Naples to the River Don : the Campanian Ignimbrite eruption and the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition in Eastern Europe. In: Journal of Human Evolution. 2008 ; Vol. 55, No. 5. pp. 858-870.
@article{cbea0f1030ea4afa9ab4f2856fa9f542,
title = "From the Bay of Naples to the River Don: the Campanian Ignimbrite eruption and the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition in Eastern Europe",
abstract = "The Campanian Ignimbrite (CI) eruption, dated by 40Ar/39Ar and various stratigraphic methods to ca. 39,000 cal BP, generated a massive ash plume from its source in southern Italy across Southeastern and Eastern Europe. At the Kostenki-Borshchevo open-air sites on the Middle Don River in Russia, Upper Paleolithic artifact assemblages are buried below, within, and above the CI tephra (which is redeposited by slope action at most sites) on the second terrace. Luminescence and radiocarbon dating, paleomagnetism, and soil and pollen stratigraphy provide further basis for correlation with the Greenland and North Atlantic climate stratigraphy. The oldest Upper Paleolithic occupation layers at Kostenki-Borshchevo may be broadly correlated with warm intervals that preceded the CI event and Heinrich Event 4 (HE4; Greenland Interstadial: GI 12-GI 9) dating to ca. 45,000-41,000 cal BP. These layers contain an industry not currently recognized in other parts of Europe. Early Upper Paleolithic layers above the CI tephra are correlated with HE4 and warm intervals that occurred during 38,000-30,000 cal BP (GI 8-GI 5), and include an assemblage that is assigned to the Aurigancian industry, associated with skeletal remains of modern humans.",
keywords = "Climate stratigraphy, Early Upper Paleolithic, Eastern Europe, Geochronology, Kostenki-Borshchevo, Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition",
author = "Hoffecker, {John F.} and Holliday, {Vance T} and Anikovich, {M. V.} and Sinitsyn, {A. A.} and Popov, {V. V.} and Lisitsyn, {S. N.} and Levkovskaya, {G. M.} and Pospelova, {G. A.} and Forman, {Steven L.} and Biagio Giaccio",
year = "2008",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1016/j.jhevol.2008.08.018",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "55",
pages = "858--870",
journal = "Journal of Human Evolution",
issn = "0047-2484",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - From the Bay of Naples to the River Don

T2 - the Campanian Ignimbrite eruption and the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition in Eastern Europe

AU - Hoffecker, John F.

AU - Holliday, Vance T

AU - Anikovich, M. V.

AU - Sinitsyn, A. A.

AU - Popov, V. V.

AU - Lisitsyn, S. N.

AU - Levkovskaya, G. M.

AU - Pospelova, G. A.

AU - Forman, Steven L.

AU - Giaccio, Biagio

PY - 2008/11

Y1 - 2008/11

N2 - The Campanian Ignimbrite (CI) eruption, dated by 40Ar/39Ar and various stratigraphic methods to ca. 39,000 cal BP, generated a massive ash plume from its source in southern Italy across Southeastern and Eastern Europe. At the Kostenki-Borshchevo open-air sites on the Middle Don River in Russia, Upper Paleolithic artifact assemblages are buried below, within, and above the CI tephra (which is redeposited by slope action at most sites) on the second terrace. Luminescence and radiocarbon dating, paleomagnetism, and soil and pollen stratigraphy provide further basis for correlation with the Greenland and North Atlantic climate stratigraphy. The oldest Upper Paleolithic occupation layers at Kostenki-Borshchevo may be broadly correlated with warm intervals that preceded the CI event and Heinrich Event 4 (HE4; Greenland Interstadial: GI 12-GI 9) dating to ca. 45,000-41,000 cal BP. These layers contain an industry not currently recognized in other parts of Europe. Early Upper Paleolithic layers above the CI tephra are correlated with HE4 and warm intervals that occurred during 38,000-30,000 cal BP (GI 8-GI 5), and include an assemblage that is assigned to the Aurigancian industry, associated with skeletal remains of modern humans.

AB - The Campanian Ignimbrite (CI) eruption, dated by 40Ar/39Ar and various stratigraphic methods to ca. 39,000 cal BP, generated a massive ash plume from its source in southern Italy across Southeastern and Eastern Europe. At the Kostenki-Borshchevo open-air sites on the Middle Don River in Russia, Upper Paleolithic artifact assemblages are buried below, within, and above the CI tephra (which is redeposited by slope action at most sites) on the second terrace. Luminescence and radiocarbon dating, paleomagnetism, and soil and pollen stratigraphy provide further basis for correlation with the Greenland and North Atlantic climate stratigraphy. The oldest Upper Paleolithic occupation layers at Kostenki-Borshchevo may be broadly correlated with warm intervals that preceded the CI event and Heinrich Event 4 (HE4; Greenland Interstadial: GI 12-GI 9) dating to ca. 45,000-41,000 cal BP. These layers contain an industry not currently recognized in other parts of Europe. Early Upper Paleolithic layers above the CI tephra are correlated with HE4 and warm intervals that occurred during 38,000-30,000 cal BP (GI 8-GI 5), and include an assemblage that is assigned to the Aurigancian industry, associated with skeletal remains of modern humans.

KW - Climate stratigraphy

KW - Early Upper Paleolithic

KW - Eastern Europe

KW - Geochronology

KW - Kostenki-Borshchevo

KW - Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=55749093245&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=55749093245&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jhevol.2008.08.018

DO - 10.1016/j.jhevol.2008.08.018

M3 - Article

C2 - 18937961

AN - SCOPUS:55749093245

VL - 55

SP - 858

EP - 870

JO - Journal of Human Evolution

JF - Journal of Human Evolution

SN - 0047-2484

IS - 5

ER -