Full-aperture optical metrology for inflatable membrane mirrors

Henry Quach, Joel Berkson, Siddhartha Sirsi, Heejoo Choi, Ruben Dominguez, Brian Duffy, David Lesser, Yuzuru Takashima, Art Palisoc, Christopher Walker, Dae Wook Kim

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The ability of space telescopes to see into nascent protostellar systems and even further into our universe is driven by the size of their deployable light collection area. While large monolithic mirrors typically weigh tons, inflatable membrane mirrors present a scalable, ultralightweight alternative. Leveraging decades of advances in adaptive optics technology, the possibility of a well-corrected 20 meter-class space observatory such as the Orbiting Astronomical Satellite for Investigating Stellar Systems (OASIS) is strikingly feasible. However, with great aperture size, comes great metrology requirements. Membrane reflectors are characteristically structured as one transparent and one metallized polymer membrane sealed around a steel tensioning ring. The inflated surface does not naturally conform to a known or prescribed conic but an approximate Hencky surface. Furthermore, multiple internal reflections and polarization interactions between the dielectric and metal layers disturb coherent light that probes it. A non-contact, full-aperture testing method is needed and further, one that can test highly varying membranes after thermoforming too. We present our method in obtaining the absolute shape of thermally formed, inflatable reflectors for space telescopes. Our work measures a 1-meter prototype of the OASIS primary inflatable mirror. Evolving from laser distance scanning to photogrammetry to deflectometry, our survey of metrology techniques for inflatable membrane optics is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationOptical Manufacturing and Testing XIII
EditorsDae Wook Kim, Rolf Rascher
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781510637801
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020
EventOptical Manufacturing and Testing XIII 2020 - Virtual, Online, United States
Duration: Aug 24 2020Sep 4 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume11487
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X

Conference

ConferenceOptical Manufacturing and Testing XIII 2020
CountryUnited States
CityVirtual, Online
Period8/24/209/4/20

Keywords

  • Deflectometry
  • Hencky Surface
  • Large Aperture Metrology
  • Membrane Inflatable Mirrors
  • Photogrammetry
  • Space Telescopes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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