Full vectorial eigenmode analysis of VCSELs: Threshold gain values and modal frequencies

D. Burak, Rudolf Binder

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

A complete theoretical approach to the electromagnetic properties of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers is presented. The Maxwell's equations are solved by using the local mode expansion technique. The transverse components of the electromagnetic field in each layer of the cavity are expressed in terms of complete set of orthogonal local modes. Matching these components at each boundary yields the vectorial transform matrix of the structure. The cavity eigenmodes are found from the condition of vanishing in-coming amplitudes. Results for the characterization of laser modes include modal frequencies, threshold gains and eigenmode light-field vector patterns. The influence of scattering losses on threshold gain values as a function of VCSEL radius, mode order and number of dielectric layers are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
EditorsK.D. Choquette, R.A. Morgan
Pages220-229
Number of pages10
Volume3286
DOIs
StatePublished - 1998
EventVertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers II - San Jose, CA, United States
Duration: Jan 28 1998Jan 29 1998

Other

OtherVertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers II
CountryUnited States
CitySan Jose, CA
Period1/28/981/29/98

Fingerprint

Surface emitting lasers
Laser modes
cavities
thresholds
Maxwell equations
Electromagnetic fields
electromagnetic properties
laser modes
Scattering
surface emitting lasers
Maxwell equation
electromagnetic fields
radii
expansion
matrices
scattering

Keywords

  • Eigenmodes
  • Laser-light polarization
  • Maxwell equations
  • Semiconductor lasers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Burak, D., & Binder, R. (1998). Full vectorial eigenmode analysis of VCSELs: Threshold gain values and modal frequencies. In K. D. Choquette, & R. A. Morgan (Eds.), Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering (Vol. 3286, pp. 220-229) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.305462

Full vectorial eigenmode analysis of VCSELs : Threshold gain values and modal frequencies. / Burak, D.; Binder, Rudolf.

Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. ed. / K.D. Choquette; R.A. Morgan. Vol. 3286 1998. p. 220-229.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Burak, D & Binder, R 1998, Full vectorial eigenmode analysis of VCSELs: Threshold gain values and modal frequencies. in KD Choquette & RA Morgan (eds), Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. vol. 3286, pp. 220-229, Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers II, San Jose, CA, United States, 1/28/98. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.305462
Burak D, Binder R. Full vectorial eigenmode analysis of VCSELs: Threshold gain values and modal frequencies. In Choquette KD, Morgan RA, editors, Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 3286. 1998. p. 220-229 https://doi.org/10.1117/12.305462
Burak, D. ; Binder, Rudolf. / Full vectorial eigenmode analysis of VCSELs : Threshold gain values and modal frequencies. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. editor / K.D. Choquette ; R.A. Morgan. Vol. 3286 1998. pp. 220-229
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