Fumigant-related illnesses

Washington State's five-year experience

Jefferey L Burgess, Barbara Morrissey, Matthew C. Keifer, William O. Robertson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Exposure to fumigants may have severe or persistent health effects. Washington State's fumigant-related illnesses were reviewed to better understand the circumstances surrounding exposure and resultant health effects. Methods: Fumigant-related illnesses reported to and investigated by the Washington State Department of Health were reviewed. Illnesses considered by Department of Health to be definitely, probably, or possibly related to pesticide exposure were then analyzed. Results: From 1992-1996, 39 (3.3%) of 1192 definite, probable, or possible cases of pesticide-related illnesses involved exposures to fumigants. Fumigant exposures during this period were to aluminum phosphide (15), methyl bromide (12), metam-sodium (9), and zinc phosphide (3). Symptoms included respiratory problems and eye and/or skin irritation for the majority of exposures, and no deaths were reported. The nature of exposure for these cases included exposure to applicators (17), reentry into a fumigated structure (9), improper storage or disposal (6), reentry into treated agricultural fields (4), drift from treated fields (2), and other (1). Conclusions: Review of fumigant exposures should be used to prevent future events through continued enforcement of established regulations and training of applicators.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7-14
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Toxicology - Clinical Toxicology
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

Fingerprint

Health
Applicators
methyl bromide
Reentry
Pesticides
Skin
zinc phosphide
aluminum phosphide
methyldithiocarbamate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Fumigant-related illnesses : Washington State's five-year experience. / Burgess, Jefferey L; Morrissey, Barbara; Keifer, Matthew C.; Robertson, William O.

In: Journal of Toxicology - Clinical Toxicology, Vol. 38, No. 1, 2000, p. 7-14.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Burgess, Jefferey L ; Morrissey, Barbara ; Keifer, Matthew C. ; Robertson, William O. / Fumigant-related illnesses : Washington State's five-year experience. In: Journal of Toxicology - Clinical Toxicology. 2000 ; Vol. 38, No. 1. pp. 7-14.
@article{05d61a07640447d5a2e41aa38ec78c4d,
title = "Fumigant-related illnesses: Washington State's five-year experience",
abstract = "Objective: Exposure to fumigants may have severe or persistent health effects. Washington State's fumigant-related illnesses were reviewed to better understand the circumstances surrounding exposure and resultant health effects. Methods: Fumigant-related illnesses reported to and investigated by the Washington State Department of Health were reviewed. Illnesses considered by Department of Health to be definitely, probably, or possibly related to pesticide exposure were then analyzed. Results: From 1992-1996, 39 (3.3{\%}) of 1192 definite, probable, or possible cases of pesticide-related illnesses involved exposures to fumigants. Fumigant exposures during this period were to aluminum phosphide (15), methyl bromide (12), metam-sodium (9), and zinc phosphide (3). Symptoms included respiratory problems and eye and/or skin irritation for the majority of exposures, and no deaths were reported. The nature of exposure for these cases included exposure to applicators (17), reentry into a fumigated structure (9), improper storage or disposal (6), reentry into treated agricultural fields (4), drift from treated fields (2), and other (1). Conclusions: Review of fumigant exposures should be used to prevent future events through continued enforcement of established regulations and training of applicators.",
author = "Burgess, {Jefferey L} and Barbara Morrissey and Keifer, {Matthew C.} and Robertson, {William O.}",
year = "2000",
doi = "10.1081/CLT-100100909",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "38",
pages = "7--14",
journal = "Clinical Toxicology",
issn = "1556-3650",
publisher = "Informa Healthcare",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fumigant-related illnesses

T2 - Washington State's five-year experience

AU - Burgess, Jefferey L

AU - Morrissey, Barbara

AU - Keifer, Matthew C.

AU - Robertson, William O.

PY - 2000

Y1 - 2000

N2 - Objective: Exposure to fumigants may have severe or persistent health effects. Washington State's fumigant-related illnesses were reviewed to better understand the circumstances surrounding exposure and resultant health effects. Methods: Fumigant-related illnesses reported to and investigated by the Washington State Department of Health were reviewed. Illnesses considered by Department of Health to be definitely, probably, or possibly related to pesticide exposure were then analyzed. Results: From 1992-1996, 39 (3.3%) of 1192 definite, probable, or possible cases of pesticide-related illnesses involved exposures to fumigants. Fumigant exposures during this period were to aluminum phosphide (15), methyl bromide (12), metam-sodium (9), and zinc phosphide (3). Symptoms included respiratory problems and eye and/or skin irritation for the majority of exposures, and no deaths were reported. The nature of exposure for these cases included exposure to applicators (17), reentry into a fumigated structure (9), improper storage or disposal (6), reentry into treated agricultural fields (4), drift from treated fields (2), and other (1). Conclusions: Review of fumigant exposures should be used to prevent future events through continued enforcement of established regulations and training of applicators.

AB - Objective: Exposure to fumigants may have severe or persistent health effects. Washington State's fumigant-related illnesses were reviewed to better understand the circumstances surrounding exposure and resultant health effects. Methods: Fumigant-related illnesses reported to and investigated by the Washington State Department of Health were reviewed. Illnesses considered by Department of Health to be definitely, probably, or possibly related to pesticide exposure were then analyzed. Results: From 1992-1996, 39 (3.3%) of 1192 definite, probable, or possible cases of pesticide-related illnesses involved exposures to fumigants. Fumigant exposures during this period were to aluminum phosphide (15), methyl bromide (12), metam-sodium (9), and zinc phosphide (3). Symptoms included respiratory problems and eye and/or skin irritation for the majority of exposures, and no deaths were reported. The nature of exposure for these cases included exposure to applicators (17), reentry into a fumigated structure (9), improper storage or disposal (6), reentry into treated agricultural fields (4), drift from treated fields (2), and other (1). Conclusions: Review of fumigant exposures should be used to prevent future events through continued enforcement of established regulations and training of applicators.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0033970183&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0033970183&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1081/CLT-100100909

DO - 10.1081/CLT-100100909

M3 - Article

VL - 38

SP - 7

EP - 14

JO - Clinical Toxicology

JF - Clinical Toxicology

SN - 1556-3650

IS - 1

ER -