Functional coupling of p38-induced up-regulation of BiP and activation of RNA-dependent protein kinase-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase to drug resistance of dormant carcinoma cells

Aparna C. Ranganathan, Lin Zhang, Alejandro P. Adam, Julio A. Aguirre-Ghiso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

215 Scopus citations

Abstract

It has been proposed that occult, disseminated metastatic cells are refractory to chemotherapy due to lack of proliferation. We have shown that p38 activation induces dormancy of squamous carcinoma cells. We now show that p38 signaling in these cells activates a prosurvival mechanism via the up-regulation of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) chaperone BiP and increased activation of the ER stress-activated eukaryotic translation initiator factor 2α kinase RNA-dependent protein kinase-like ER kinase (PERK) allowing dormant tumor cells to resist drug toxicity. RNA interference and dominant-negative expression studies revealed that both BiP and PERK signaling promote survival and drug resistance of dormant cells, and that BiP up-regulation prevents Bax activation. We propose that stress-dependent activation of p38 via BiP up-regulation and PERK activation protects dormant tumor cells from stress insults, such as chemotherapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1702-1711
Number of pages10
JournalCancer Research
Volume66
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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