Fungal bio-treatment of spruce wood with Trametes versicolor for pitch control: Influence on extractive contents, pulping process parameters, paper quality and effluent toxicity

Teris A. van Beek, Bram Kuster, Frank W. Claassen, Taisto Tienvieri, Frédérique Bertaud, Gilles Lenon, Michel Petit-Conil, Maria Reye Sierra Alvarez

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34 Scopus citations


Lipophilic low molar-mass constituents in wood chips for the paper industry result in low quality pulp, pitch deposition, and effluent toxicity. New biotechnological solutions such as fungal pre-treatment of wood chips can reduce pitch problems. This laboratory-scale study focuses on the potential and limitations of a fungal bio-treatment of Norway spruce chips with the white-rot fungus Trametes versicolor. Different fungal treatment conditions were compared. A 4-week fungal treatment reduced the concentration of resin acids and triglycerides by 40% and 100%, respectively, but neither lowered the energy requirements of the TMP process nor significantly affected the morphological fiber characteristics and the physical pulp properties. The pre-treatment led to slightly poorer optical properties. The Trametes versicolor fungal treatment contributed to a less toxic effluent and improved the biodegradability. A treatment of 2-3 weeks appears optimal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)302-311
Number of pages10
JournalBioresource Technology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2007



  • Biodegradation
  • Effluent toxicity
  • Lipophilic wood extractives
  • Norway spruce
  • Pitch
  • White-rot fungus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Food Science
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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