Fusion reactions initiated by laser-accelerated particle beams in a laser-produced plasma

C. Labaune, C. Baccou, S. Depierreux, C. Goyon, G. Loisel, V. Yahia, Johann Rafelski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

75 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The advent of high-intensity-pulsed laser technology enables the generation of extreme states of matter under conditions that are far from thermal equilibrium. This in turn could enable different approaches to generating energy from nuclear fusion. Relaxing the equilibrium requirement could widen the range of isotopes used in fusion fuels permitting cleaner and less hazardous reactions that do not produce high-energy neutrons. Here we propose and implement a means to drive fusion reactions between protons and boron-11 nuclei by colliding a laser-accelerated proton beam with a laser-generated boron plasma. We report proton-boron reaction rates that are orders of magnitude higher than those reported previously. Beyond fusion, our approach demonstrates a new means for exploring low-energy nuclear reactions such as those that occur in astrophysical plasmas and related environments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2506
JournalNature Communications
Volume4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Laser produced plasmas
Particle beams
Boron
particle beams
laser plasmas
Protons
boron
Lasers
Fusion reactions
fusion
Nuclear Fusion
Nuclear Energy
lasers
cleaners
protons
Neutrons
proton beams
nuclear fusion
Plasmas
nuclear reactions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Fusion reactions initiated by laser-accelerated particle beams in a laser-produced plasma. / Labaune, C.; Baccou, C.; Depierreux, S.; Goyon, C.; Loisel, G.; Yahia, V.; Rafelski, Johann.

In: Nature Communications, Vol. 4, 2506, 2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Labaune, C. ; Baccou, C. ; Depierreux, S. ; Goyon, C. ; Loisel, G. ; Yahia, V. ; Rafelski, Johann. / Fusion reactions initiated by laser-accelerated particle beams in a laser-produced plasma. In: Nature Communications. 2013 ; Vol. 4.
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