G proteins regulate dihydropyridine binding to moss plasma membranes

Karen S. Schumaker, Michael J. Gizinski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

The role of calcium as an activator and regulator of many biological processes is linked to the ability of the cell to rapidly change its cytoplasmic calcium levels. Calcium acts as an intracellular messenger in hormone-induced bud formation during the development of the moss Physcomitrella patens. Calcium transport and ligand binding studies have implicated plasma membrane-localized 1,4-dihydropyridine (DHP)-sensitive calcium channels in this increase in cellular calcium. To understand the regulation of the moss calcium channel, we investigated the involvement of GTP binding regulatory proteins (G proteins). Guanosine 5'-(γ- thio)triphosphate (GTPγS), a nonhydrolyzable GTP analog that locks G proteins into their active state, stimulated DHP binding to high affinity receptors in the moss plasma membrane. DHP binding was measured as the ability of the DHP agonist Bay K8644 or the DHP antagonist nifedipine to compete with the DHP arylazide [3H]azidopine for binding to moss plasma membranes. G protein stimulation of binding was seen when competition was carried out with either nifedipine or Bay K8644. G proteins regulated the rates of association and dissociation of bound [3H]azidopine, and stimulation was dependent on GTPγS concentration. Guanosine 5'-(β- thio)diphosphate, a GDP analog that locks G proteins into their inactivated state, did not affect the dose dependence of either the agonist or the antagonist. These results suggest that G proteins may act via a membrane- delimited pathway to regulate calcium channels in the moss plasma membrane.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21292-21296
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume271
Issue number35
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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