Galileo's first images of Jupiter and the Galilean satellites

M. J.S. Belton, J. W. Head, A. P. Ingersoll, R. Greeley, A. S. McEwen, K. P. Klaasen, D. Senske, R. Pappalardo, G. Collins, A. R. Vasavada, R. Sullivan, D. Simonelli, P. Geissler, M. H. Carr, M. E. Davies, J. Veverka, P. J. Gierasch, D. Banfield, M. Bell, C. R. ChapmanC. Anger, R. Greenberg, G. Neukum, C. B. Pilcher, R. F. Beebe, J. A. Burns, F. Fanale, W. Ip, T. V. Johnson, D. Morrison, J. Moore, G. S. Orton, P. Thomas, R. A. West

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

116 Scopus citations

Abstract

The first images of Jupiter, Io, Europa, and Ganymede from the Galileo spacecraft reveal new information about Jupiter's Great Red Spot (GRS) and the surfaces of the Galilean satellites. Features similar to clusters of thunderstorms were found in the GRS. Nearby wave structures suggest that the GRS may be a shallow atmospheric feature. Changes in surface color and plume distribution indicate differences in resurfacing processes near hot spots on lo. Patchy emissions were seen while Io was in eclipse by Jupiter. The outer margins of prominent linear markings (triple bands) on Europa are diffuse, suggesting that material has been vented from fractures. Numerous small circular craters indicate localized areas of relatively old surface. Pervasive brittle deformation of an ice layer appears to have formed grooves on Ganymede. Dark terrain unexpectedly shows distinctive albedo variations to the limit of resolution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)377-385
Number of pages9
JournalScience
Volume274
Issue number5286
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 18 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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