Garnet and clinopyroxene solid solutions, and geothermometry based on Fe-Mg distribution coefficient

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Abstract

The available thermodynamic mixing data of aluminosilicate garnet and clinopyroxene have been critically reviewed, and integrated with the thermochemical and selected experimental data to express the Fe-Mg distribution coefficient (KD) between these phases as function of pressure, temperature and composition. The predicted compositional dependence of KD agrees with the available experimental and observational data. Owing to the lack of adequate data on the mixing properties of Jadeite with diopside and hedenbergite, the geothermometric application of the model has to be currently restricted to the Na-poor bulk compositions. The temperature of a variety of rocks that have equilibrated under a wide range of P-T conditions have been estimated, and found to agree, on the average within 25°C, with other reliable temperature estimates of these rocks. The latter are, however, often in sharp disagreement with the temperatures determined on the basis of Råheim and Green's (1974, Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 48, 179-203) experimental calibration of KD as function of temperature and pressure on tholeiitic bulk composition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1021-1029
Number of pages9
JournalGeochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Volume43
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1979

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geothermometry
Garnets
solid solution
clinopyroxene
Solid solutions
garnet
temperature
Temperature
Chemical analysis
Rocks
hedenbergite
jadeite
P-T conditions
aluminosilicate
diopside
rock
Minerals
thermodynamics
distribution
Thermodynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

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title = "Garnet and clinopyroxene solid solutions, and geothermometry based on Fe-Mg distribution coefficient",
abstract = "The available thermodynamic mixing data of aluminosilicate garnet and clinopyroxene have been critically reviewed, and integrated with the thermochemical and selected experimental data to express the Fe-Mg distribution coefficient (KD) between these phases as function of pressure, temperature and composition. The predicted compositional dependence of KD agrees with the available experimental and observational data. Owing to the lack of adequate data on the mixing properties of Jadeite with diopside and hedenbergite, the geothermometric application of the model has to be currently restricted to the Na-poor bulk compositions. The temperature of a variety of rocks that have equilibrated under a wide range of P-T conditions have been estimated, and found to agree, on the average within 25°C, with other reliable temperature estimates of these rocks. The latter are, however, often in sharp disagreement with the temperatures determined on the basis of R{\aa}heim and Green's (1974, Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 48, 179-203) experimental calibration of KD as function of temperature and pressure on tholeiitic bulk composition.",
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AU - Ganguly, Jibamitra

PY - 1979

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N2 - The available thermodynamic mixing data of aluminosilicate garnet and clinopyroxene have been critically reviewed, and integrated with the thermochemical and selected experimental data to express the Fe-Mg distribution coefficient (KD) between these phases as function of pressure, temperature and composition. The predicted compositional dependence of KD agrees with the available experimental and observational data. Owing to the lack of adequate data on the mixing properties of Jadeite with diopside and hedenbergite, the geothermometric application of the model has to be currently restricted to the Na-poor bulk compositions. The temperature of a variety of rocks that have equilibrated under a wide range of P-T conditions have been estimated, and found to agree, on the average within 25°C, with other reliable temperature estimates of these rocks. The latter are, however, often in sharp disagreement with the temperatures determined on the basis of Råheim and Green's (1974, Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 48, 179-203) experimental calibration of KD as function of temperature and pressure on tholeiitic bulk composition.

AB - The available thermodynamic mixing data of aluminosilicate garnet and clinopyroxene have been critically reviewed, and integrated with the thermochemical and selected experimental data to express the Fe-Mg distribution coefficient (KD) between these phases as function of pressure, temperature and composition. The predicted compositional dependence of KD agrees with the available experimental and observational data. Owing to the lack of adequate data on the mixing properties of Jadeite with diopside and hedenbergite, the geothermometric application of the model has to be currently restricted to the Na-poor bulk compositions. The temperature of a variety of rocks that have equilibrated under a wide range of P-T conditions have been estimated, and found to agree, on the average within 25°C, with other reliable temperature estimates of these rocks. The latter are, however, often in sharp disagreement with the temperatures determined on the basis of Råheim and Green's (1974, Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 48, 179-203) experimental calibration of KD as function of temperature and pressure on tholeiitic bulk composition.

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