GC and GC MS analysis was used to detect cocaine and cocaethylene in hair extracts of mice injected with 20 mg/kg cocaine hydrochloride or an equivalent dose of cocaethylene fumarate twice daily for 3 weeks. Some mice were fed liquid Lieber-DeCarli diets containing ethanol (26% of total calories) and injected twice daily with the same doses of cocaine or cocaethylene or combination of cocaine and morphine (5 mg/kg). The average concentrations of cocaine in different experimental groups were in the range of 0.9-2.4 ng/mg of hair and for cocaethylene, 2.4-2.8 ng/mg of hair. There were no significant differences in hair concentrations of cocaine among groups receiving cocaine treatment, nor were there significant difference in cocaethylene concentration in hair in the two groups administered cocaethylene. In hair extracts of mice treated with cocaine and ethanol, levels of cocaethylene were below the limit of detection.
- Gas chromatography
- Hair analysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine