Gastrointestinal symptoms and bowel patterns across the menstrual cycle in dysmenorrhea

M. M. Heitkemper, Joan L Shaver, E. S. Mitchell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Gastrointestinal (GI) functional indicators and symptoms across the menstrual cycle were examined in three groups of women: dysmenorrheic (n=15), non-pill-taking nondysmenorrheic (n=10), and nondysmenorrheic taking birth control pills (BCPs) (n=9). Group assignment was based on the reported presence or absence of moderate to severe menstrual cramps in a GI Health Diary which subjects kept for two menstrual cycles. Stool consistencies and frequencies and GI symptoms were also recorded in this diary. Menstrual cycle phase significantly, p=.03, influenced stool consistencies for the sample as a whole with the loosest stools at menses. Reports of stomach pain were higher, p<.001, at menses than at other cycle phases in all groups, and nausea, p<.001, and decreased food intake, p<.01, were more frequently reported by dysmenorrheic women at menses. More dysmenorrheic women had a history of menses-related GI symptoms. Both cycle phase and group differences were significant, p<.05, for menstrual distress, with negative affect, pain, behavior changes, and autonomic reactions reported more frequently at menses by dysmenorrheic women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)108-113
Number of pages6
JournalNursing Research
Volume37
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1988
Externally publishedYes

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Dysmenorrhea
Menstruation
Menstrual Cycle
Muscle Cramp
Pain
Contraception
Nausea
Medical Records
Stomach
Eating

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Gastrointestinal symptoms and bowel patterns across the menstrual cycle in dysmenorrhea. / Heitkemper, M. M.; Shaver, Joan L; Mitchell, E. S.

In: Nursing Research, Vol. 37, No. 2, 1988, p. 108-113.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Heitkemper, M. M. ; Shaver, Joan L ; Mitchell, E. S. / Gastrointestinal symptoms and bowel patterns across the menstrual cycle in dysmenorrhea. In: Nursing Research. 1988 ; Vol. 37, No. 2. pp. 108-113.
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