Gender differences in the processes of change for condom use: Patterns across stages of change in crack cocaine users

S. C. Timpson, K. I. Pollak, Anne Markey Bowen, M. L. Williams, M. W. Ross, C. B. McCoy, H. V. McCoy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Interventions to increase condom use in crack users have had mixed results. For interventions to achieve greater success, the mechanisms of behavior change in this population need to be understood. One mechanism, the processes of change, was examined across stages of change for condom use. Results from the analysis of variance for males and females revealed that stage of change was associated with different levels of three experiential processes: consciousness raising, social liberation and self-reevaluation. However, these analyses found that male and females seem to have different patterns of behavioral process use. Specifically, females in the preparation stage were different from those in precontemplation, whereas this difference was not pronounced in males. In general, people had high levels of experiential processes in every stage of change. The patterns of behavior process use mimicked patterns found for other behaviors with a linear increase across the stages of change. This may indicate that for maintaining condom use, more emotional and behavioral activities are required throughout the process of acquisition and maintenance than are necessary for other health-related activities. Implications of this research are that interventions for increasing condom use in drug users may target behavioral steps differently for males and females.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)541-553
Number of pages13
JournalHealth Education Research
Volume16
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Crack Cocaine
Condoms
gender-specific factors
Drug Users
Consciousness
Analysis of Variance
Maintenance
liberation
analysis of variance
consciousness
Health
Research
Population
drug
health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Education

Cite this

Timpson, S. C., Pollak, K. I., Bowen, A. M., Williams, M. L., Ross, M. W., McCoy, C. B., & McCoy, H. V. (2001). Gender differences in the processes of change for condom use: Patterns across stages of change in crack cocaine users. Health Education Research, 16(5), 541-553.

Gender differences in the processes of change for condom use : Patterns across stages of change in crack cocaine users. / Timpson, S. C.; Pollak, K. I.; Bowen, Anne Markey; Williams, M. L.; Ross, M. W.; McCoy, C. B.; McCoy, H. V.

In: Health Education Research, Vol. 16, No. 5, 2001, p. 541-553.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Timpson, SC, Pollak, KI, Bowen, AM, Williams, ML, Ross, MW, McCoy, CB & McCoy, HV 2001, 'Gender differences in the processes of change for condom use: Patterns across stages of change in crack cocaine users', Health Education Research, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 541-553.
Timpson, S. C. ; Pollak, K. I. ; Bowen, Anne Markey ; Williams, M. L. ; Ross, M. W. ; McCoy, C. B. ; McCoy, H. V. / Gender differences in the processes of change for condom use : Patterns across stages of change in crack cocaine users. In: Health Education Research. 2001 ; Vol. 16, No. 5. pp. 541-553.
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