Gender Norms and Family Planning Practices Among Men in Western Jamaica

Melonie M. Walcott, John E Ehiri, Mirjam C. Kempf, Ellen Funkhouser, Marion Bakhoya, Maung Aung, Kui Zhang, Pauline E. Jolly

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Abstract

The objective of this study was to identify the association between gender norms and family planning practices among men in Western Jamaica. A cross-sectional survey of 549 men aged 19 to 54 years attending or visiting four government-operated hospitals was conducted in 2011. Logistic regression models were used to identify factors associated with taking steps to prevent unwanted pregnancy, intention to have a large family size (three or more children), and fathering children with multiple women. Adjusted odds ratios (AORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated from the models. Reduced odds for taking steps to prevent unwanted pregnancy among men with moderate (AOR = 0.5; 95% CI = 0.3-0.8) and high (AOR = 0.3; 95% CI = 0.1-0.6) support for inequitable gender norms was observed. Desiring large family size was associated with moderate (AOR = 2.0; 95% CI = 1.3-2.5) and high (AOR = 2.6; 95% CI = 1.5-4.3) support for macho scores. For men with two or more children (41%), there were increased odds of fathering children with multiple women among those who had moderate (AOR = 2.1; 95% CI = 1.0-4.4) and high (AOR = 2.4; 95% CI = 1.1-5.6) support for masculinity norms. Support for inequitable gender norms was associated with reduced odds of taking steps to prevent unwanted pregnancy, while support for masculinity norms was associated with desiring a large family size and fathering children with multiple women. These findings highlight the importance of including men and gender norms in family planning programs in Jamaica.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)307-316
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Men's Health
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 19 2015

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Keywords

  • family planning
  • fathering
  • gender norms
  • masculinity
  • men

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Walcott, M. M., Ehiri, J. E., Kempf, M. C., Funkhouser, E., Bakhoya, M., Aung, M., ... Jolly, P. E. (2015). Gender Norms and Family Planning Practices Among Men in Western Jamaica. American Journal of Men's Health, 9(4), 307-316. https://doi.org/10.1177/1557988314543792