Gendered vulnerabilities and grassroots adaptation initiatives in home gardens and small orchards in Northwest Mexico

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Abstract

With the retreat of the state under neoliberalism, the lack of (or negligible) government and non-governmental support reasserts grassroots initiatives as a global-change strategy. A feminist political ecology approach and the concept of adverse inclusion were used to facilitate an analysis of social differences shaping local-level adaptive responses. Adaptive responses of small farmers in the border village of San Ignacio, Sonora, Mexico, who are increasingly vulnerable to climate change, water scarcity, and changing labor markets were studied. Gender differences in production sites translate into diverse vulnerabilities and adaptive strategies. Local capacities and initiatives should be a focus of research and policy to avoid viewing women and men as passive in the face of global change. The dynamic strategies of San Ignacio women and men in home gardens and small orchards hold lessons for other regions particularly related to adaptation to climate change via agrobiodiversity, water resource management, and diversified agricultural livelihoods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)322-334
Number of pages13
JournalAmbio
Volume45
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2016

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Keywords

  • Adaptation
  • Climate change
  • Feminist political ecology
  • Home gardens
  • Orchards
  • Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Ecology

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