Knockout mouse models targeting various cytochrome P450 (P450 or CYP) genes are valuable for determining P450's biologic functions, including roles in drug metabolism and chemical toxicity. In this study, a novel Cyp2a(4/5)bgs-null mouse model was generated, in which a 1.2-megabase pair genomic fragment containing nine Cyp genes in mouse chromosome 7 (including, sequentially, Cyp2a5, 2g1, 2b19, 2b23, 2a4, 2b9, 2b13, 2b10, and 2s1) are deleted, through Cre -mediated recombination in vivo. The resultant mouse strain was viable and fertile, without any developmental deficits or morphologic abnormalities. Deletion of the constitutive genes in the cluster was confirmed by polymerase chain reaction analysis of the genes and the mRNAs in tissues known to express each gene. The loss of this gene cluster led to significant decreases in microsomal activities toward testosterone hydroxylation in various tissues examined, including olfactory mucosa (OM), lung, liver, and brain. In addition, systemic clearance of pentobarbital was decreased in Cyp2a(4/5)bgs-null mice, as indicated by >60% increases in pentobarbital-induced sleeping time, compared with wild-type (WT) mice. This novel Cyp2a(4/5) bgs-null mouse model will be valuable for in vivo studies of drug metabolism and chemical toxicities in various tissues, including the liver, lung, brain, intestine, kidney, skin, and OM, where one or more of the targeted Cyp genes are known to be expressed in WT mice. The model will also be valuable for preparation of humanized mice that express human CYP2A6, CYP2A13, CYP2B6, or CYP2S1, and as a knockout mouse model for five non-P450 genes (Vmn1r184, Nalp9c, Nalp4a, Nalp9a, and Vmn1r185) that were also deleted.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmaceutical Science