Genes derived from ancient polyploidy have higher genetic diversity and are associated with domestication in Brassica rapa

Xinshuai Qi, Hong An, Tara E. Hall, Chenlu Di, Paul D. Blischak, Michael T.W. McKibben, Yue Hao, Gavin C. Conant, J. Chris Pires, Michael S. Barker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Many crops are polyploid or have a polyploid ancestry. Recent phylogenetic analyses have found that polyploidy often preceded the domestication of crop plants. One explanation for this observation is that increased genetic diversity following polyploidy may have been important during the strong artificial selection that occurs during domestication. In order to test the connection between domestication and polyploidy, we identified and examined candidate genes associated with the domestication of the diverse crop varieties of Brassica rapa. Like all ‘diploid’ flowering plants, B. rapa has a diploidized paleopolyploid genome and experienced many rounds of whole genome duplication (WGD). We analyzed transcriptome data of more than 100 cultivated B. rapa accessions. Using a combination of approaches, we identified > 3000 candidate genes associated with the domestication of four major B. rapa crop varieties. Consistent with our expectation, we found that the candidate genes were significantly enriched with genes derived from the Brassiceae mesohexaploidy. We also observed that paleologs were significantly more diverse than non-paleologs. Our analyses find evidence for that genetic diversity derived from ancient polyploidy played a key role in the domestication of B. rapa and provide support for its importance in the success of modern agriculture.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)372-386
Number of pages15
JournalNew Phytologist
Volume230
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2021

Keywords

  • Brassica
  • domestication
  • genetic diversity
  • genomics
  • polyploidy
  • whole genome duplication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Plant Science

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