Genetic diversity and similarity revealed via molecular analysis among and within an in situ population and ex situ accessions of chiltepín (Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum)

Eric J. Votava, Gary P. Nabhan, Paul W. Bosland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Molecular analysis of genetic diversity among and within phenotypically similar wild Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum (chile) populations revealed genetic differences among accessions spread over a broad geographic range. These chiles are regionally known as chiltepíns and are a 50 metric ton per year wild harvest for the spice industry, as well as a genetic resource for crop improvement. Understanding genetic variability in this species provides information related to conservation efforts. The objective of this research was to survey genetic diversity among and within an in situ population and ex situ accessions of chiltepíns. Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) molecular markers were used to study the genetic structure of an in situ population found at the nothernmost range of this species and ex situ accessions collected from Mexico and Guatemala. Novel genetic variation was found in both the in situ northern disjunct population, as well as some ex situ accessions, thus supporting conservation of this species via both in situ and ex situ strategies The evidence presented here supports efforts to conserve outlier populations via in situ management practices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-129
Number of pages7
JournalConservation Genetics
Volume3
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

Fingerprint

Capsicum
molecular analysis
genetic variation
Chile
Population
Guatemala
random amplified polymorphic DNA technique
Spices
Genetic Structures
crop improvement
Practice Management
Population Genetics
spice
spices
Mexico
Genetic Markers
genetic resources
genetic resource
Molecular Biology
population genetics

Keywords

  • Capsicum
  • Chile
  • Genetic diversity
  • Randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

Cite this

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abstract = "Molecular analysis of genetic diversity among and within phenotypically similar wild Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum (chile) populations revealed genetic differences among accessions spread over a broad geographic range. These chiles are regionally known as chiltep{\'i}ns and are a 50 metric ton per year wild harvest for the spice industry, as well as a genetic resource for crop improvement. Understanding genetic variability in this species provides information related to conservation efforts. The objective of this research was to survey genetic diversity among and within an in situ population and ex situ accessions of chiltep{\'i}ns. Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) molecular markers were used to study the genetic structure of an in situ population found at the nothernmost range of this species and ex situ accessions collected from Mexico and Guatemala. Novel genetic variation was found in both the in situ northern disjunct population, as well as some ex situ accessions, thus supporting conservation of this species via both in situ and ex situ strategies The evidence presented here supports efforts to conserve outlier populations via in situ management practices.",
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AU - Nabhan, Gary P.

AU - Bosland, Paul W.

PY - 2002

Y1 - 2002

N2 - Molecular analysis of genetic diversity among and within phenotypically similar wild Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum (chile) populations revealed genetic differences among accessions spread over a broad geographic range. These chiles are regionally known as chiltepíns and are a 50 metric ton per year wild harvest for the spice industry, as well as a genetic resource for crop improvement. Understanding genetic variability in this species provides information related to conservation efforts. The objective of this research was to survey genetic diversity among and within an in situ population and ex situ accessions of chiltepíns. Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) molecular markers were used to study the genetic structure of an in situ population found at the nothernmost range of this species and ex situ accessions collected from Mexico and Guatemala. Novel genetic variation was found in both the in situ northern disjunct population, as well as some ex situ accessions, thus supporting conservation of this species via both in situ and ex situ strategies The evidence presented here supports efforts to conserve outlier populations via in situ management practices.

AB - Molecular analysis of genetic diversity among and within phenotypically similar wild Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum (chile) populations revealed genetic differences among accessions spread over a broad geographic range. These chiles are regionally known as chiltepíns and are a 50 metric ton per year wild harvest for the spice industry, as well as a genetic resource for crop improvement. Understanding genetic variability in this species provides information related to conservation efforts. The objective of this research was to survey genetic diversity among and within an in situ population and ex situ accessions of chiltepíns. Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) molecular markers were used to study the genetic structure of an in situ population found at the nothernmost range of this species and ex situ accessions collected from Mexico and Guatemala. Novel genetic variation was found in both the in situ northern disjunct population, as well as some ex situ accessions, thus supporting conservation of this species via both in situ and ex situ strategies The evidence presented here supports efforts to conserve outlier populations via in situ management practices.

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