Genome and transcriptome sequencing identifies breeding targets in the orphan crop tef (Eragrostis tef)

Gina Cannarozzi, Sonia Plaza-Wüthrich, Korinna Esfeld, Stéphanie Larti, Yi S. Wilson, Dejene Girma, Edouard de Castro, Solomon Chanyalew, Regula Blösch, Laurent Farinelli, Eric Lyons, Michel Schneider, Laurent Falquet, Cris Kuhlemeier, Kebebew Assefa, Zerihun Tadele

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

55 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Tef (Eragrostis tef), an indigenous cereal critical to food security in the Horn of Africa, is rich in minerals and protein, resistant to many biotic and abiotic stresses and safe for diabetics as well as sufferers of immune reactions to wheat gluten. We present the genome of tef, the first species in the grass subfamily Chloridoideae and the first allotetraploid assembled de novo. We sequenced the tef genome for marker-assisted breeding, to shed light on the molecular mechanisms conferring tef's desirable nutritional and agronomic properties, and to make its genome publicly available as a community resource.Results: The draft genome contains 672 Mbp representing 87% of the genome size estimated from flow cytometry. We also sequenced two transcriptomes, one from a normalized RNA library and another from unnormalized RNASeq data. The normalized RNA library revealed around 38000 transcripts that were then annotated by the SwissProt group. The CoGe comparative genomics platform was used to compare the tef genome to other genomes, notably sorghum. Scaffolds comprising approximately half of the genome size were ordered by syntenic alignment to sorghum producing tef pseudo-chromosomes, which were sorted into A and B genomes as well as compared to the genetic map of tef. The draft genome was used to identify novel SSR markers, investigate target genes for abiotic stress resistance studies, and understand the evolution of the prolamin family of proteins that are responsible for the immune response to gluten.Conclusions: It is highly plausible that breeding targets previously identified in other cereal crops will also be valuable breeding targets in tef. The draft genome and transcriptome will be of great use for identifying these targets for genetic improvement of this orphan crop that is vital for feeding 50 million people in the Horn of Africa.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number581
JournalBMC genomics
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 9 2014

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Abiotic stress
  • Eragrostis tef
  • Genome
  • Prolamin
  • Tef
  • Transcriptome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Genetics

Cite this

Cannarozzi, G., Plaza-Wüthrich, S., Esfeld, K., Larti, S., Wilson, Y. S., Girma, D., de Castro, E., Chanyalew, S., Blösch, R., Farinelli, L., Lyons, E., Schneider, M., Falquet, L., Kuhlemeier, C., Assefa, K., & Tadele, Z. (2014). Genome and transcriptome sequencing identifies breeding targets in the orphan crop tef (Eragrostis tef). BMC genomics, 15(1), [581]. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2164-15-581