Genome-wide association study of asthma identifies RAD50-IL13 and HLA-DR/DQ regions

Xingnan Li, Timothy D. Howard, Siqun L. Zheng, Tmirah Haselkorn, Stephen P. Peters, Deborah A. Meyers, Eugene R. Bleecker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

254 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Asthma is a heterogeneous disease that is caused by the interaction of genetic susceptibility with environmental influences. Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) represent a powerful approach to investigate the association of DNA variants with disease susceptibility. To date, few GWASs for asthma have been reported. Objectives: A GWAS was performed on a population of patients with severe or difficult-to-treat asthma to identify genes that are involved in the pathogenesis of asthma. Methods: A total of 292,443 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were tested for association with asthma in 473 The Epidemiology and Natural History of Asthma: Outcomes and Treatment Regimens (TENOR) cases and 1892 Illumina general population controls. Asthma-related quantitative traits (total serum IgE, FEV1, forced vital capacity, and FEV1/forced vital capacity) were also tested in identified candidate regions in 473 TENOR cases and 363 phenotyped controls without a history of asthma to analyze GWAS results further. Imputation was performed in identified candidate regions for analysis with denser SNP coverage. Results: Multiple SNPs in the RAD50-IL13 region on chromosome 5q31.1 were associated with asthma: rs2244012 in intron 2 of RAD50 (P = 3.04E-07). The HLA-DR/DQ region on chromosome 6p21.3 was also associated with asthma: rs1063355 in the 3′ untranslated region of HLA-DQB1 (P = 9.55E-06). Imputation identified several significant SNPs in the TH2 locus control region 3′ of RAD50. Imputation also identified a more significant SNP, rs3998159 (P = 1.45E-06), between HLA-DQB1 and HLA-DQA2. Conclusion: This GWAS confirmed the important role of TH2 cytokine and antigen presentation genes in asthma at a genome-wide level and the importance of additional investigation of these 2 regions to delineate their structural complexity and biologic function in the development of asthma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)328-335.e11
JournalJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Volume125
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2010
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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