Geoarchaeological and bioarchaeological studies at mira, an early upper paleolithic site in the lower dnepr valley, Ukraine

John F. Hoffecker, Vance T Holliday, Vadim N. Stepanchuk, Alexis Brugère, Steven L. Forman, Paul Goldberg, Oleg Tubolzev, Igor Pisarev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

New geoarchaeological and bioarcheological research was undertaken at the open-air site of Mira, which is buried in deposits of the Second Terrace of the Dnepr River, roughly 15 km downstream from the city of Zaporozhye in Ukraine. Previous excavation of the site revealed two occupation layers dating to ~32,000 cal BP. The lower layer (II/2) yielded bladelets similar to those of the early Gravettian, while the upper layer (I) contained traces of an artificial shelter and hundreds of bones and teeth of horse (Equus latipes). Mira represents the only firmly dated early Upper Paleolithic (EUP) site in the Dnepr Basin, and occupies a unique topographic setting for the EUP near the center of the broad floodplain of the Dnepr River. The site was visited during a period of floodplain stability, characterized by overbank deposition and weak soil formation under cool climate conditions. Mira was used as a long-term camp, but also was the locus of large-mammal carcass processing associated with a nearby kill of a group of horses (Layer I).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61-77
Number of pages17
JournalGeoarchaeology - An International Journal
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2014

Fingerprint

Paleolithic
Ukraine
river
valley
horse
floodplain
occupation
climate
climate conditions
shelter
terrace
tooth
bone
excavation
mammal
Group
Layer
Early Upper Palaeolithic
basin
Floodplain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Archaeology
  • Archaeology

Cite this

Geoarchaeological and bioarchaeological studies at mira, an early upper paleolithic site in the lower dnepr valley, Ukraine. / Hoffecker, John F.; Holliday, Vance T; Stepanchuk, Vadim N.; Brugère, Alexis; Forman, Steven L.; Goldberg, Paul; Tubolzev, Oleg; Pisarev, Igor.

In: Geoarchaeology - An International Journal, Vol. 29, No. 1, 01.2014, p. 61-77.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hoffecker, John F. ; Holliday, Vance T ; Stepanchuk, Vadim N. ; Brugère, Alexis ; Forman, Steven L. ; Goldberg, Paul ; Tubolzev, Oleg ; Pisarev, Igor. / Geoarchaeological and bioarchaeological studies at mira, an early upper paleolithic site in the lower dnepr valley, Ukraine. In: Geoarchaeology - An International Journal. 2014 ; Vol. 29, No. 1. pp. 61-77.
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