Geographical distribution of fungal plant pathogens in dust across the united states

Kristin Dietzel, Denis Valle, Noah Fierer, Jana M. U’ren, Albert Barberán

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

As the world’s population grows, global food production will need to increase. While food production efficiency has increased in recent decades through pathogen control, climate change poses new challenges in crop protection against pathogens. Understanding the natural geographical distribution and dispersal likelihood of fungal plant pathogens is essential for forecasting disease plant spread. Here we used cultivation-independent techniques to identify fungal plant pathogens in 1,289 near-surface dust samples collected across the United States. We found that overall fungal pathogen community composition is more related to environmental conditions (in particular soil pH, precipitation and frost) than to agricultural hosts and practices. We also delimited five susceptibility geographical areas in the United States where different sets of pathogens tend to occur.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number304
JournalFrontiers in Ecology and Evolution
Volume7
Issue numberAUG
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Agriculture
  • Biogeography
  • Crop
  • Dispersal
  • Dust
  • Fungal plant pathogen
  • Machine learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology

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