Geographical pattern analysis of income migration in the United States

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Most of the research on internal migration has focused on the determinants of migration. Considerably less work has focused on migration impacts. A significant impact of internal population movement is its ability to effect income redistribution. While much work in regional economics and regional science has been carried out on income distribution and redistribution, the tools of the population geographer have not been employed to study 'income migration'. How one conceptualises the impacts of migration depends on whether one takes the viewpoint of aggregate area-level income change, of per capita change, or of longer-term (future earnings) change. Several empirical analytical measures are proposed in order to conceptualise the various income impacts of migration. An income version of the demographic effectiveness ratio commonly employed in migration research is suggested. A procedure is set forth for splitting total state-level income change into components attributable to (a) net migration, and (b) the income differential between in-and out-migrants. Another decomposition procedure is developed for examining how the changes in per capita income of states reflect three different income differentials: those between (a) in-migrants and 'stayers', (b) out-migrants and 'stayers', and (c) in-migrants and out-migrants. Examination of these measures, and of typologies based on them, highlights how income migration significantly and differentially impacts upon US states. The methods are illustrated here in the context of an important new American data source: the 1993-94 migrant income data released by the US Internal Revenue Service.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)195-212
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Population Geography
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999

Fingerprint

income
migration
migrant
redistribution
analysis
migration research
income effect
internal migration
income distribution
population development
typology
revenue
determinants
decomposition
examination
ability
science
economics

Keywords

  • Income
  • Migration
  • United States
  • US Internal Revenue Service migration data

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Demography

Cite this

Geographical pattern analysis of income migration in the United States. / Plane, David.

In: International Journal of Population Geography, Vol. 5, No. 3, 1999, p. 195-212.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{3fe60a857b4940d2962b30b693fc88c0,
title = "Geographical pattern analysis of income migration in the United States",
abstract = "Most of the research on internal migration has focused on the determinants of migration. Considerably less work has focused on migration impacts. A significant impact of internal population movement is its ability to effect income redistribution. While much work in regional economics and regional science has been carried out on income distribution and redistribution, the tools of the population geographer have not been employed to study 'income migration'. How one conceptualises the impacts of migration depends on whether one takes the viewpoint of aggregate area-level income change, of per capita change, or of longer-term (future earnings) change. Several empirical analytical measures are proposed in order to conceptualise the various income impacts of migration. An income version of the demographic effectiveness ratio commonly employed in migration research is suggested. A procedure is set forth for splitting total state-level income change into components attributable to (a) net migration, and (b) the income differential between in-and out-migrants. Another decomposition procedure is developed for examining how the changes in per capita income of states reflect three different income differentials: those between (a) in-migrants and 'stayers', (b) out-migrants and 'stayers', and (c) in-migrants and out-migrants. Examination of these measures, and of typologies based on them, highlights how income migration significantly and differentially impacts upon US states. The methods are illustrated here in the context of an important new American data source: the 1993-94 migrant income data released by the US Internal Revenue Service.",
keywords = "Income, Migration, United States, US Internal Revenue Service migration data",
author = "David Plane",
year = "1999",
doi = "10.1002/(SICI)1099-1220(199905/06)5:3<195::AID-IJPG138>3.0.CO;2-K",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "5",
pages = "195--212",
journal = "Population, Space and Place",
issn = "1544-8444",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Ltd",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Geographical pattern analysis of income migration in the United States

AU - Plane, David

PY - 1999

Y1 - 1999

N2 - Most of the research on internal migration has focused on the determinants of migration. Considerably less work has focused on migration impacts. A significant impact of internal population movement is its ability to effect income redistribution. While much work in regional economics and regional science has been carried out on income distribution and redistribution, the tools of the population geographer have not been employed to study 'income migration'. How one conceptualises the impacts of migration depends on whether one takes the viewpoint of aggregate area-level income change, of per capita change, or of longer-term (future earnings) change. Several empirical analytical measures are proposed in order to conceptualise the various income impacts of migration. An income version of the demographic effectiveness ratio commonly employed in migration research is suggested. A procedure is set forth for splitting total state-level income change into components attributable to (a) net migration, and (b) the income differential between in-and out-migrants. Another decomposition procedure is developed for examining how the changes in per capita income of states reflect three different income differentials: those between (a) in-migrants and 'stayers', (b) out-migrants and 'stayers', and (c) in-migrants and out-migrants. Examination of these measures, and of typologies based on them, highlights how income migration significantly and differentially impacts upon US states. The methods are illustrated here in the context of an important new American data source: the 1993-94 migrant income data released by the US Internal Revenue Service.

AB - Most of the research on internal migration has focused on the determinants of migration. Considerably less work has focused on migration impacts. A significant impact of internal population movement is its ability to effect income redistribution. While much work in regional economics and regional science has been carried out on income distribution and redistribution, the tools of the population geographer have not been employed to study 'income migration'. How one conceptualises the impacts of migration depends on whether one takes the viewpoint of aggregate area-level income change, of per capita change, or of longer-term (future earnings) change. Several empirical analytical measures are proposed in order to conceptualise the various income impacts of migration. An income version of the demographic effectiveness ratio commonly employed in migration research is suggested. A procedure is set forth for splitting total state-level income change into components attributable to (a) net migration, and (b) the income differential between in-and out-migrants. Another decomposition procedure is developed for examining how the changes in per capita income of states reflect three different income differentials: those between (a) in-migrants and 'stayers', (b) out-migrants and 'stayers', and (c) in-migrants and out-migrants. Examination of these measures, and of typologies based on them, highlights how income migration significantly and differentially impacts upon US states. The methods are illustrated here in the context of an important new American data source: the 1993-94 migrant income data released by the US Internal Revenue Service.

KW - Income

KW - Migration

KW - United States

KW - US Internal Revenue Service migration data

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0032868064&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0032868064&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/(SICI)1099-1220(199905/06)5:3<195::AID-IJPG138>3.0.CO;2-K

DO - 10.1002/(SICI)1099-1220(199905/06)5:3<195::AID-IJPG138>3.0.CO;2-K

M3 - Article

VL - 5

SP - 195

EP - 212

JO - Population, Space and Place

JF - Population, Space and Place

SN - 1544-8444

IS - 3

ER -