Geology and surface processes on titan

Ralf Jaumann, Randolph L. Kirk, Ralph D. Lorenz, Rosaly M C Lopes, Ellen Stofan, Elizabeth P. Turtle, Horst Uwe Keller, Charles A. Wood, Christophe Sotin, Laurence A. Soderblom, Martin G Tomasko

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The surface of Titan has been revealed globally, if incompletely, by Cassini observations at infrared and radar wavelengths as well as locally by the instruments on the Huygens probe. Extended dune fields, lakes, mountainous terrain, dendritic erosion patterns and erosional remnants indicate dynamic surface processes. Valleys, small-scale gullies and rounded cobbles such as those observed at the Huygens landing site require erosion by energetic flow of a liquid. There is strong evidence that liquid hydrocarbons are ponded on the surface in high-latitude lakes, predominantly, but not exclusively, at high northern latitudes. A variety of features including extensive flows and caldera-like constructs are interpreted to be cryovolcanic in origin. Chains and isolated blocks of rugged terrain rising from smoother areas are best described as mountains and might be related to tectonic processes. Finally, impact craters are observed but their small numbers indicate that the crater retention age is very young overall. In general, Titan exhibits a geologically active surface indicating significant endogenic and exogenic processes, with diverse geophysical and atmospheric processes reminiscent of those on Earth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationTitan from Cassini-Huygens
PublisherSpringer Netherlands
Pages75-140
Number of pages66
ISBN (Print)9781402092145
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010

Fingerprint

Titan
geology
lakes
craters
erosion
Huygens probe
landing sites
dunes
calderas
liquids
mountains
polar regions
valleys
radar
tectonics
hydrocarbons
wavelengths

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Jaumann, R., Kirk, R. L., Lorenz, R. D., Lopes, R. M. C., Stofan, E., Turtle, E. P., ... Tomasko, M. G. (2010). Geology and surface processes on titan. In Titan from Cassini-Huygens (pp. 75-140). Springer Netherlands. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9215-2_5

Geology and surface processes on titan. / Jaumann, Ralf; Kirk, Randolph L.; Lorenz, Ralph D.; Lopes, Rosaly M C; Stofan, Ellen; Turtle, Elizabeth P.; Keller, Horst Uwe; Wood, Charles A.; Sotin, Christophe; Soderblom, Laurence A.; Tomasko, Martin G.

Titan from Cassini-Huygens. Springer Netherlands, 2010. p. 75-140.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Jaumann, R, Kirk, RL, Lorenz, RD, Lopes, RMC, Stofan, E, Turtle, EP, Keller, HU, Wood, CA, Sotin, C, Soderblom, LA & Tomasko, MG 2010, Geology and surface processes on titan. in Titan from Cassini-Huygens. Springer Netherlands, pp. 75-140. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9215-2_5
Jaumann R, Kirk RL, Lorenz RD, Lopes RMC, Stofan E, Turtle EP et al. Geology and surface processes on titan. In Titan from Cassini-Huygens. Springer Netherlands. 2010. p. 75-140 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9215-2_5
Jaumann, Ralf ; Kirk, Randolph L. ; Lorenz, Ralph D. ; Lopes, Rosaly M C ; Stofan, Ellen ; Turtle, Elizabeth P. ; Keller, Horst Uwe ; Wood, Charles A. ; Sotin, Christophe ; Soderblom, Laurence A. ; Tomasko, Martin G. / Geology and surface processes on titan. Titan from Cassini-Huygens. Springer Netherlands, 2010. pp. 75-140
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