GIN (Gaps-In-Noise) test performance in subjects with confirmed central auditory nervous system involvement

Frank Musiek, Jennifer B. Shinn, Robert Jirsa, Doris Eva Bamiou, Jane A. Baran, Elena Zaida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

186 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the value of a new gap detection procedure called Gaps-In-Noise (GIN) for assessment of temporal resolution in a clinical population. DESIGN: The test consists of 0 to 3 silent intervals ranging from 2 to 20 msec embedded in 6-sec segments of white noise. The location, number, and duration of the gaps per noise segment vary throughout the test for a total of 60 gaps presented in each of four lists. The GIN procedure was administered to 50 normal-hearing listeners (group I) and 18 subjects with confirmed neurological involvement of the central auditory nervous system (group II). RESULTS: Results showed mean approximated gap detection thresholds of 4.8 msec for the left ear and 4.9 msec for the right ear for group I. In comparison, results for group II demonstrated a statistically significant increase in gap detection thresholds, with approximated thresholds of 7.8 msec and 8.5 msec being noted for the left and right ears, respectively. Significant mean differences were also observed in the overall performance scores (i.e., the identification of the presence of the gaps within the noise segments) of the two groups of subjects. Finally, psychometric functions, although similar for short and long duration gaps, were highly different for gaps in the 4- to 10-msec range for the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: A variety of psychoacoustic procedures are available to assess temporal resolution; however, the clinical use of these procedures is minimal at best. Results of the present study show that the GIN test holds promise as a clinically useful tool in the assessment of temporal resolution in the clinical arena.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)608-618
Number of pages11
JournalEar and Hearing
Volume26
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Noise
Central Nervous System
Ear
Psychoacoustics
Psychometrics
Hearing
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this

GIN (Gaps-In-Noise) test performance in subjects with confirmed central auditory nervous system involvement. / Musiek, Frank; Shinn, Jennifer B.; Jirsa, Robert; Bamiou, Doris Eva; Baran, Jane A.; Zaida, Elena.

In: Ear and Hearing, Vol. 26, No. 6, 12.2005, p. 608-618.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Musiek, Frank ; Shinn, Jennifer B. ; Jirsa, Robert ; Bamiou, Doris Eva ; Baran, Jane A. ; Zaida, Elena. / GIN (Gaps-In-Noise) test performance in subjects with confirmed central auditory nervous system involvement. In: Ear and Hearing. 2005 ; Vol. 26, No. 6. pp. 608-618.
@article{33eb8e28b63748ba8550fe47bfa8b596,
title = "GIN (Gaps-In-Noise) test performance in subjects with confirmed central auditory nervous system involvement",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the value of a new gap detection procedure called Gaps-In-Noise (GIN) for assessment of temporal resolution in a clinical population. DESIGN: The test consists of 0 to 3 silent intervals ranging from 2 to 20 msec embedded in 6-sec segments of white noise. The location, number, and duration of the gaps per noise segment vary throughout the test for a total of 60 gaps presented in each of four lists. The GIN procedure was administered to 50 normal-hearing listeners (group I) and 18 subjects with confirmed neurological involvement of the central auditory nervous system (group II). RESULTS: Results showed mean approximated gap detection thresholds of 4.8 msec for the left ear and 4.9 msec for the right ear for group I. In comparison, results for group II demonstrated a statistically significant increase in gap detection thresholds, with approximated thresholds of 7.8 msec and 8.5 msec being noted for the left and right ears, respectively. Significant mean differences were also observed in the overall performance scores (i.e., the identification of the presence of the gaps within the noise segments) of the two groups of subjects. Finally, psychometric functions, although similar for short and long duration gaps, were highly different for gaps in the 4- to 10-msec range for the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: A variety of psychoacoustic procedures are available to assess temporal resolution; however, the clinical use of these procedures is minimal at best. Results of the present study show that the GIN test holds promise as a clinically useful tool in the assessment of temporal resolution in the clinical arena.",
author = "Frank Musiek and Shinn, {Jennifer B.} and Robert Jirsa and Bamiou, {Doris Eva} and Baran, {Jane A.} and Elena Zaida",
year = "2005",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1097/01.aud.0000188069.80699.41",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "26",
pages = "608--618",
journal = "Ear and Hearing",
issn = "0196-0202",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - GIN (Gaps-In-Noise) test performance in subjects with confirmed central auditory nervous system involvement

AU - Musiek, Frank

AU - Shinn, Jennifer B.

AU - Jirsa, Robert

AU - Bamiou, Doris Eva

AU - Baran, Jane A.

AU - Zaida, Elena

PY - 2005/12

Y1 - 2005/12

N2 - OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the value of a new gap detection procedure called Gaps-In-Noise (GIN) for assessment of temporal resolution in a clinical population. DESIGN: The test consists of 0 to 3 silent intervals ranging from 2 to 20 msec embedded in 6-sec segments of white noise. The location, number, and duration of the gaps per noise segment vary throughout the test for a total of 60 gaps presented in each of four lists. The GIN procedure was administered to 50 normal-hearing listeners (group I) and 18 subjects with confirmed neurological involvement of the central auditory nervous system (group II). RESULTS: Results showed mean approximated gap detection thresholds of 4.8 msec for the left ear and 4.9 msec for the right ear for group I. In comparison, results for group II demonstrated a statistically significant increase in gap detection thresholds, with approximated thresholds of 7.8 msec and 8.5 msec being noted for the left and right ears, respectively. Significant mean differences were also observed in the overall performance scores (i.e., the identification of the presence of the gaps within the noise segments) of the two groups of subjects. Finally, psychometric functions, although similar for short and long duration gaps, were highly different for gaps in the 4- to 10-msec range for the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: A variety of psychoacoustic procedures are available to assess temporal resolution; however, the clinical use of these procedures is minimal at best. Results of the present study show that the GIN test holds promise as a clinically useful tool in the assessment of temporal resolution in the clinical arena.

AB - OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the value of a new gap detection procedure called Gaps-In-Noise (GIN) for assessment of temporal resolution in a clinical population. DESIGN: The test consists of 0 to 3 silent intervals ranging from 2 to 20 msec embedded in 6-sec segments of white noise. The location, number, and duration of the gaps per noise segment vary throughout the test for a total of 60 gaps presented in each of four lists. The GIN procedure was administered to 50 normal-hearing listeners (group I) and 18 subjects with confirmed neurological involvement of the central auditory nervous system (group II). RESULTS: Results showed mean approximated gap detection thresholds of 4.8 msec for the left ear and 4.9 msec for the right ear for group I. In comparison, results for group II demonstrated a statistically significant increase in gap detection thresholds, with approximated thresholds of 7.8 msec and 8.5 msec being noted for the left and right ears, respectively. Significant mean differences were also observed in the overall performance scores (i.e., the identification of the presence of the gaps within the noise segments) of the two groups of subjects. Finally, psychometric functions, although similar for short and long duration gaps, were highly different for gaps in the 4- to 10-msec range for the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: A variety of psychoacoustic procedures are available to assess temporal resolution; however, the clinical use of these procedures is minimal at best. Results of the present study show that the GIN test holds promise as a clinically useful tool in the assessment of temporal resolution in the clinical arena.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33645762169&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33645762169&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/01.aud.0000188069.80699.41

DO - 10.1097/01.aud.0000188069.80699.41

M3 - Article

C2 - 16377996

AN - SCOPUS:33645762169

VL - 26

SP - 608

EP - 618

JO - Ear and Hearing

JF - Ear and Hearing

SN - 0196-0202

IS - 6

ER -