Global arid and semi-arid ecosystems: Linkage between process models and remote sensing

D. S. Ojima, T. G.F. Kittel, D. S. Schimel, C. A. Wessman, B. Curtiss, Steve Archer, V. B. Brown, W. J. Parton

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Ecologists and atmospheric scientists are concerned with understanding how biospheric characteristics of the land surface will be modified in response to changing climate and CO2 over the next 50 to 100 years. Ecosystem properties (e.g., canopy structure and N content, photosynthetic rate, decomposition rates, plant physiognomy) control fluxes of energy, water, and trace gases between the land surface and the atmosphere. Modeling of these properties using satellite inputs will require better understanding of how plant physiology and chemistry reflect the balance between above-and belowground limiting factors. High spectral resolution spaceborne spectrometers may estimate canopy N, lignin or other constituents that affect decomposition rates. These measurements, in combination with estimates of light interception, should allow model simulations of above-and belowground ecosystem properties. In addition, community dynamics that affect ecosystem properties need to be incorporated into the modeling framework so that the coupling of abiotic impacts on short time scales to biotic changes over longer time scales can be appropriately assessed. The biospheric sensitivity to climatic variations in arid and semiarid lands provide a unique environment to study land-atmosphere interactions. These regions occupy approximately one-third of the Earth's land area evenly distributed between temperate and tropical latitudes. These regions may be among the earliest systems to exhibit the effects of climatic change because these systems processes in these are tightly coupled to rainfall.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIGARSS 1992 - International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium
Subtitle of host publicationInternational Space Year: Space Remote Sensing
EditorsRuby Williamson, Tammy Stein
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages1027-1029
Number of pages3
Volume2
ISBN (Electronic)0780301382
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992
Externally publishedYes
Event12th Annual International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 1992 - Houston, United States
Duration: May 26 1992May 29 1992

Other

Other12th Annual International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, IGARSS 1992
CountryUnited States
CityHouston
Period5/26/925/29/92

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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    Ojima, D. S., Kittel, T. G. F., Schimel, D. S., Wessman, C. A., Curtiss, B., Archer, S., Brown, V. B., & Parton, W. J. (1992). Global arid and semi-arid ecosystems: Linkage between process models and remote sensing. In R. Williamson, & T. Stein (Eds.), IGARSS 1992 - International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium: International Space Year: Space Remote Sensing (Vol. 2, pp. 1027-1029). [578332] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/IGARSS.1992.578332