Global Emerging Microbial Issues in the Anthropocene Era

Ian L Pepper, Charles P Gerba, Terry J. Gentry

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

This chapter discusses the major global microbial issues that have been impacted by human activities. First, there is a discussion of microbial contributions to climate change via nitrous oxide emissions from soil, and methane emissions from landfills. Following this, the influence of global change on microbial infectious disease is discussed, including El Niño effects and the effects of urbanization and deforestation. A dramatic example of human activities affecting microbial issues is documented through an evaluation of oil spills within oceans as epitomized by the Exxon Valdez spill in 1989 and the BP Deepwater Horizon spill in 2010. The chapter concludes with a discussion of antibiotic-resistant bacteria including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEnvironmental Microbiology
Subtitle of host publicationThird Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Pages677-688
Number of pages12
ISBN (Print)9780123946263
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Fingerprint

Hazardous materials spills
Human Activities
Petroleum Pollution
Waste Disposal Facilities
Deforestation
Urbanization
Methicillin
Climate Change
Methane
Conservation of Natural Resources
Oil spills
Nitrous Oxide
Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Land fill
Climate change
Oceans and Seas
Communicable Diseases
Bacteria
Soil
Anti-Bacterial Agents

Keywords

  • Anthropocene
  • Antibiotic-resistant bacteria
  • BP Deepwater Horizon oil spill
  • Climate change
  • Exxon Valdez oil spill
  • Landfill emissions
  • Microbial emissions of methane
  • Microbial emissions of nitrous oxide
  • Microbial infectious disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Pepper, I. L., Gerba, C. P., & Gentry, T. J. (2014). Global Emerging Microbial Issues in the Anthropocene Era. In Environmental Microbiology: Third Edition (pp. 677-688). Elsevier Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-394626-3.00031-4

Global Emerging Microbial Issues in the Anthropocene Era. / Pepper, Ian L; Gerba, Charles P; Gentry, Terry J.

Environmental Microbiology: Third Edition. Elsevier Inc., 2014. p. 677-688.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Pepper, IL, Gerba, CP & Gentry, TJ 2014, Global Emerging Microbial Issues in the Anthropocene Era. in Environmental Microbiology: Third Edition. Elsevier Inc., pp. 677-688. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-394626-3.00031-4
Pepper IL, Gerba CP, Gentry TJ. Global Emerging Microbial Issues in the Anthropocene Era. In Environmental Microbiology: Third Edition. Elsevier Inc. 2014. p. 677-688 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-394626-3.00031-4
Pepper, Ian L ; Gerba, Charles P ; Gentry, Terry J. / Global Emerging Microbial Issues in the Anthropocene Era. Environmental Microbiology: Third Edition. Elsevier Inc., 2014. pp. 677-688
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