Glucocorticoids exacerbate cognitive deficits in TDP-25 transgenic mice via a glutathione-mediated mechanism: Implications for aging, stress and TDP-43 proteinopathies

Antonella Caccamo, David X. Medina, Salvatore - Oddo

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24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The accumulation of TDP-43 (transactive response DNA-binding protein 43) and its 25 kDa C-terminal fragment (TDP-25) is a hallmark of several neurodegenerative disorders, including frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD-TDP) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The majority of FTLD-TDP cases are due to loss of function mutations in the gene encoding progranulin, a secreted growth factor. In ALS, specific mutations in the gene encoding TDP-43 have been linked to the disease pathogenesis. In both cases, however, the penetrance of the mutations greatly increases during aging, suggesting that other genetic or environmental factors may facilitate the development of the disease. Using transgenic mice that overexpress the 25 kDa C-terminal fragment of TDP-43, here we show that glucocorticoids, stress hormones known to increase the brain susceptibility to neurotoxic insults, increase the levels of soluble TDP-25 and exacerbate cognitive deficits, without altering full-length TDP-43 levels. Additionally, we show that the mechanism underlying the glucocorticoid-mediated increase in TDP-25 levels is coupled to changes in the glutathione redox state. Glutathione is an antioxidant involved in protecting cells from damage caused by reactive oxygen species; notably, alterations in the ratio of reduced to oxidized glutathione, which is the primary determinant of the cellular redox state, are associated with aging and neurodegeneration. We show that restoring the ratio of reduced to oxidized glutathione blocks the glucocorticoid effects on TDP-25. These data show that glucocorticoids potentiate the neurotoxic action of TDP-25 by increasing its levels and clearly indicate the role of cellular oxidative damage in this process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)906-913
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 16 2013
Externally publishedYes

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DNA-Binding Proteins
Transgenic Mice
Glucocorticoids
Glutathione
Frontotemporal Dementia
Glutathione Disulfide
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Mutation
Oxidation-Reduction
Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration
Penetrance
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Genes
Reactive Oxygen Species
Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
Antioxidants
Hormones
Brain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

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title = "Glucocorticoids exacerbate cognitive deficits in TDP-25 transgenic mice via a glutathione-mediated mechanism: Implications for aging, stress and TDP-43 proteinopathies",
abstract = "The accumulation of TDP-43 (transactive response DNA-binding protein 43) and its 25 kDa C-terminal fragment (TDP-25) is a hallmark of several neurodegenerative disorders, including frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD-TDP) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The majority of FTLD-TDP cases are due to loss of function mutations in the gene encoding progranulin, a secreted growth factor. In ALS, specific mutations in the gene encoding TDP-43 have been linked to the disease pathogenesis. In both cases, however, the penetrance of the mutations greatly increases during aging, suggesting that other genetic or environmental factors may facilitate the development of the disease. Using transgenic mice that overexpress the 25 kDa C-terminal fragment of TDP-43, here we show that glucocorticoids, stress hormones known to increase the brain susceptibility to neurotoxic insults, increase the levels of soluble TDP-25 and exacerbate cognitive deficits, without altering full-length TDP-43 levels. Additionally, we show that the mechanism underlying the glucocorticoid-mediated increase in TDP-25 levels is coupled to changes in the glutathione redox state. Glutathione is an antioxidant involved in protecting cells from damage caused by reactive oxygen species; notably, alterations in the ratio of reduced to oxidized glutathione, which is the primary determinant of the cellular redox state, are associated with aging and neurodegeneration. We show that restoring the ratio of reduced to oxidized glutathione blocks the glucocorticoid effects on TDP-25. These data show that glucocorticoids potentiate the neurotoxic action of TDP-25 by increasing its levels and clearly indicate the role of cellular oxidative damage in this process.",
author = "Antonella Caccamo and Medina, {David X.} and Oddo, {Salvatore -}",
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T1 - Glucocorticoids exacerbate cognitive deficits in TDP-25 transgenic mice via a glutathione-mediated mechanism

T2 - Implications for aging, stress and TDP-43 proteinopathies

AU - Caccamo, Antonella

AU - Medina, David X.

AU - Oddo, Salvatore -

PY - 2013/1/16

Y1 - 2013/1/16

N2 - The accumulation of TDP-43 (transactive response DNA-binding protein 43) and its 25 kDa C-terminal fragment (TDP-25) is a hallmark of several neurodegenerative disorders, including frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD-TDP) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The majority of FTLD-TDP cases are due to loss of function mutations in the gene encoding progranulin, a secreted growth factor. In ALS, specific mutations in the gene encoding TDP-43 have been linked to the disease pathogenesis. In both cases, however, the penetrance of the mutations greatly increases during aging, suggesting that other genetic or environmental factors may facilitate the development of the disease. Using transgenic mice that overexpress the 25 kDa C-terminal fragment of TDP-43, here we show that glucocorticoids, stress hormones known to increase the brain susceptibility to neurotoxic insults, increase the levels of soluble TDP-25 and exacerbate cognitive deficits, without altering full-length TDP-43 levels. Additionally, we show that the mechanism underlying the glucocorticoid-mediated increase in TDP-25 levels is coupled to changes in the glutathione redox state. Glutathione is an antioxidant involved in protecting cells from damage caused by reactive oxygen species; notably, alterations in the ratio of reduced to oxidized glutathione, which is the primary determinant of the cellular redox state, are associated with aging and neurodegeneration. We show that restoring the ratio of reduced to oxidized glutathione blocks the glucocorticoid effects on TDP-25. These data show that glucocorticoids potentiate the neurotoxic action of TDP-25 by increasing its levels and clearly indicate the role of cellular oxidative damage in this process.

AB - The accumulation of TDP-43 (transactive response DNA-binding protein 43) and its 25 kDa C-terminal fragment (TDP-25) is a hallmark of several neurodegenerative disorders, including frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD-TDP) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The majority of FTLD-TDP cases are due to loss of function mutations in the gene encoding progranulin, a secreted growth factor. In ALS, specific mutations in the gene encoding TDP-43 have been linked to the disease pathogenesis. In both cases, however, the penetrance of the mutations greatly increases during aging, suggesting that other genetic or environmental factors may facilitate the development of the disease. Using transgenic mice that overexpress the 25 kDa C-terminal fragment of TDP-43, here we show that glucocorticoids, stress hormones known to increase the brain susceptibility to neurotoxic insults, increase the levels of soluble TDP-25 and exacerbate cognitive deficits, without altering full-length TDP-43 levels. Additionally, we show that the mechanism underlying the glucocorticoid-mediated increase in TDP-25 levels is coupled to changes in the glutathione redox state. Glutathione is an antioxidant involved in protecting cells from damage caused by reactive oxygen species; notably, alterations in the ratio of reduced to oxidized glutathione, which is the primary determinant of the cellular redox state, are associated with aging and neurodegeneration. We show that restoring the ratio of reduced to oxidized glutathione blocks the glucocorticoid effects on TDP-25. These data show that glucocorticoids potentiate the neurotoxic action of TDP-25 by increasing its levels and clearly indicate the role of cellular oxidative damage in this process.

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