We evaluated the safety and efficacy of a glycine-based orally administered rehydration solution by comparing it with a standard oral rehydration solution (ORS) without glycine in a randomized double-blind trial in United States infants (age<15 months) given treatment for acute gastroenteritis as inpatients or outpatients. The response to therapy (stool volume and duration of illness) was similar in the two groups, except that in four (13%) of 31 hospitalized infants receiving glycine-ORS hypernatremia developed, (one had symptoms) compared with none of 35 receiving ORS (P<0.04). Among the 77 outpatients there were no differences between the groups. This study demonstrates that glycine-ORS did not provide any therapeutic advantage over standard ORS, and hypernatremia developed in some patients receiving glycine-ORS. We suggest that caution be used with this type of solution until further safety studies have been done.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health