Good times, bad times

The effects of organizational dynamics on the careers of male and female managers

Heather A. Haveman, Joseph P Broschak, Lisa E. Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose - This paper investigates the effects of founding, growth, decline, and merger on gender differences in managerial career mobility. These common events create and destroy many jobs, and so have big impacts on managers' careers. We build on previous research to predict gender differences in job mobility after such events, and show that these gender differences are moderated by the positions managers occupy: level, firm size, and sex composition. Methodology - We test our predictions using archival data on all 3,883 managerial employees in all 333 firms in the California savings and loan industry between 1975 and 1988. We conduct logistic-regression and event-history analyses. Findings - Female managers are less likely than male managers to be hired when the set of jobs expands because of founding and growth, and more likely to exit when the set of jobs contracts because of decline and merger. These gender differences exist because relative to men, women occupy lower-level jobs, work in smaller firms, and work in firms with more women at all managerial ranks. The effects of all but one event (the growth of one's own employer) are moderated by managers' positions. Value of the paper - Our paper is the first to offer a large-scale test of gender differences in career trajectories in the wake of common organizational events. By showing that these market-shaping events affect male and female managers' careers differently, and that these effects depend on the positions of male and female managers, we demonstrate economic sociology's potential for studying inequality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)119-148
Number of pages30
JournalResearch in the Sociology of Work
Volume18
StatePublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

career
manager
gender-specific factors
event
firm
merger
economic sociology
time
loan
savings
employer
logistics
employee
regression
industry
methodology
market
history
Values

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Good times, bad times : The effects of organizational dynamics on the careers of male and female managers. / Haveman, Heather A.; Broschak, Joseph P; Cohen, Lisa E.

In: Research in the Sociology of Work, Vol. 18, 2009, p. 119-148.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{e31963585a154e6ea606278fc7cd1af2,
title = "Good times, bad times: The effects of organizational dynamics on the careers of male and female managers",
abstract = "Purpose - This paper investigates the effects of founding, growth, decline, and merger on gender differences in managerial career mobility. These common events create and destroy many jobs, and so have big impacts on managers' careers. We build on previous research to predict gender differences in job mobility after such events, and show that these gender differences are moderated by the positions managers occupy: level, firm size, and sex composition. Methodology - We test our predictions using archival data on all 3,883 managerial employees in all 333 firms in the California savings and loan industry between 1975 and 1988. We conduct logistic-regression and event-history analyses. Findings - Female managers are less likely than male managers to be hired when the set of jobs expands because of founding and growth, and more likely to exit when the set of jobs contracts because of decline and merger. These gender differences exist because relative to men, women occupy lower-level jobs, work in smaller firms, and work in firms with more women at all managerial ranks. The effects of all but one event (the growth of one's own employer) are moderated by managers' positions. Value of the paper - Our paper is the first to offer a large-scale test of gender differences in career trajectories in the wake of common organizational events. By showing that these market-shaping events affect male and female managers' careers differently, and that these effects depend on the positions of male and female managers, we demonstrate economic sociology's potential for studying inequality.",
author = "Haveman, {Heather A.} and Broschak, {Joseph P} and Cohen, {Lisa E.}",
year = "2009",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "18",
pages = "119--148",
journal = "Research in the Sociology of Work",
issn = "0277-2833",
publisher = "JAI Press",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Good times, bad times

T2 - The effects of organizational dynamics on the careers of male and female managers

AU - Haveman, Heather A.

AU - Broschak, Joseph P

AU - Cohen, Lisa E.

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - Purpose - This paper investigates the effects of founding, growth, decline, and merger on gender differences in managerial career mobility. These common events create and destroy many jobs, and so have big impacts on managers' careers. We build on previous research to predict gender differences in job mobility after such events, and show that these gender differences are moderated by the positions managers occupy: level, firm size, and sex composition. Methodology - We test our predictions using archival data on all 3,883 managerial employees in all 333 firms in the California savings and loan industry between 1975 and 1988. We conduct logistic-regression and event-history analyses. Findings - Female managers are less likely than male managers to be hired when the set of jobs expands because of founding and growth, and more likely to exit when the set of jobs contracts because of decline and merger. These gender differences exist because relative to men, women occupy lower-level jobs, work in smaller firms, and work in firms with more women at all managerial ranks. The effects of all but one event (the growth of one's own employer) are moderated by managers' positions. Value of the paper - Our paper is the first to offer a large-scale test of gender differences in career trajectories in the wake of common organizational events. By showing that these market-shaping events affect male and female managers' careers differently, and that these effects depend on the positions of male and female managers, we demonstrate economic sociology's potential for studying inequality.

AB - Purpose - This paper investigates the effects of founding, growth, decline, and merger on gender differences in managerial career mobility. These common events create and destroy many jobs, and so have big impacts on managers' careers. We build on previous research to predict gender differences in job mobility after such events, and show that these gender differences are moderated by the positions managers occupy: level, firm size, and sex composition. Methodology - We test our predictions using archival data on all 3,883 managerial employees in all 333 firms in the California savings and loan industry between 1975 and 1988. We conduct logistic-regression and event-history analyses. Findings - Female managers are less likely than male managers to be hired when the set of jobs expands because of founding and growth, and more likely to exit when the set of jobs contracts because of decline and merger. These gender differences exist because relative to men, women occupy lower-level jobs, work in smaller firms, and work in firms with more women at all managerial ranks. The effects of all but one event (the growth of one's own employer) are moderated by managers' positions. Value of the paper - Our paper is the first to offer a large-scale test of gender differences in career trajectories in the wake of common organizational events. By showing that these market-shaping events affect male and female managers' careers differently, and that these effects depend on the positions of male and female managers, we demonstrate economic sociology's potential for studying inequality.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=75849154940&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=75849154940&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 18

SP - 119

EP - 148

JO - Research in the Sociology of Work

JF - Research in the Sociology of Work

SN - 0277-2833

ER -