Grain growth and global structure of the protoplanetary disk associated with the mature classical t tauri star, PDS66

Stephanie R. Cortes, Michael R. Meyer, John M. Carpenter, Ilaria Pascucci, Glenn Schneider, Tony Wong, Dean C. Hines

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present Australia Telescope Compact Array interferometric observations of the old (13Myr), nearby (86pc) classical T Tauri star (cTTS), PDS66. Unresolved 3 and 12mm continuum emission is detected toward PDS66, and upper limits are derived for the 3 and 6cm flux densities. The millimeter-wave data show a spectral slope flatter than that expected for interstellar medium-sized dust particles, which is evidence of grain growth. We also present HST/NICMOS 1.1 μm point-spread-function-subtracted coronagraphic imaging observations of the circumstellar environment of PDS66. The Hubble Space Telescope observations reveal a bilaterally symmetric circumstellar region of dust scattering 0.32% of the central starlight, declining in surface brightness as r -4.53. The light-scattering disk of material is inclined 32° 5° from a face-on viewing geometry, and extends to a radius of 170 AU. These data are combined with published optical and longer wavelength observations to make qualitative comparisons between the median Taurus and PDS66 spectral energy distributions. By comparing the near-infrared emission to a simple model, we determine that the location of the inner disk radius is consistent with the dust sublimation radius (1400 K at 0.1 AU). We place constraints on the total disk mass using a flat-disk model and find that it is probably too low to form gas giant planets according to current models. Despite the fact that PDS66 is much older than a typical cTTS (≤5Myr), its physical properties are not much different.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1305-1315
Number of pages11
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume697
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009

Keywords

  • Circumstellar matter
  • Planetary systems: protoplanetary disks
  • Stars: pre-main sequence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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