Graphing the grammar of motives in National Security Strategies: Cultural interpretation, automated text analysis and the drama of global politics

John W. Mohr, Robin Wagner-Pacifici, Ronald L. Breiger, Petko Bogdanov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

The literary theorist Kenneth Burke (1945) outlined a methodology for identifying the basic "grammar of motives" that operate within texts. His strategy was to identify the logical form that is used for attributing meaning to human situations. We imagine how a variant of Burke's method might be applied in the era of automated text analysis, and then we explore an implementation of that variant (using a combination of natural language process, semantic parsers and statistical topic models) in analyzing a corpus of eleven U.S. "National Security Strategy" documents that were produced between 1990 and 2010. This "automated process" for textual coding and analysis is shown to have much utility for analyzing these types of texts and to hold out the promise for being useful for other types of text corpora, as well-thereby opening up new possibilities for the scientific study of rhetoric.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)670-700
Number of pages31
JournalPoetics
Volume41
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2013

Keywords

  • Automated text analysis
  • Dramatism
  • Kenneth Burke
  • Rhetorics of states
  • Semantic and poetic meaning
  • U.S. National Security Strategy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cultural Studies
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Communication
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Literature and Literary Theory

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