Grating lobes in higher-order correlation functions of arrays of quantum emitters: Directional photon bunching versus correlated directions

Iñigo Liberal, Iñigo Ederra, Richard W. Ziolkowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Recent advances in nanofabrication and optical manipulation techniques are making it possible to build arrays of quantum emitters with accurate control over the locations of their individual elements. In analogy with classical antenna arrays, this poses new opportunities for tailoring quantum interference effects by designing the geometry of the array. Here, we investigate the N th -order directional correlation function of the photons emitted by an array of N initially-excited identical quantum emitters, addressing the impact of the appearance of grating lobes. Our analysis reveals that the absence of directivity in the first-order correlation function is contrasted by an enhanced directivity in the N th -order one. This suggests that the emitted light consists of a superposition of directionally entangled photon bunches. Moreover, the photon correlation landscape changes radically with the appearance of grating lobes. In fact, the photons no longer tend to be bunched along the same direction; rather, they are distributed in a set of correlated directions with equal probability. These results clarify basic aspects of light emission from ensembles of quantum emitters. Furthermore, they may find applications in the design of nonclassical light sources.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number14
JournalPhotonics
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Arrays
  • Collective emissions
  • Photon statistics
  • Quantum emitters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Instrumentation
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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