Telecommunication usage has skyrocketed in recent years and will continue to grow as developing world reaches to wireless as the communication medium of choice. The telecommunications world is only now addressing the significant environmental impact it is creating as well as the incredible cost on power usage. This realization has led to a push towards Green Communications that strives for improving energy efficiency as well as energy independence of telecommunications. A survey of existing metrics for energy efficiency is discussed with specific adaptations for a communication centric viewpoint. This paper reviews recent energy efficient advances made at specific point within the communications cycle such as components, network operation and topology, and incorporating renewable and alternative energy into base stations. We further survey several holistic approaches that illustrate the dependencies between layers of the communications stack and operation/deployment. These approaches include cross layer design, cognitive radio, and wireless distributed computing.
- Energy efficiency
- Green communications
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering