Green tea consumption is associated with decreased DNA damage among GSTM1-positive smokers regardless of their hOGG1 genotype

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Abstract

The levels of tobacco-related DNA adducts in human tissues reflect a dynamic process that is dependent on the intensity and time of exposure to tobacco smoke, the metabolic balance between activation of detoxification mechanisms, and the removal of adducts by DNA repair and/or cell turnover. Urinary 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) is probably 1 of the most abundant DNA lesions formed during oxidative stress and is proposed as a sensitive biomarker of the overall oxidative DNA damage and repair. We performed this study to determine whether there were differences in increased oxidative stress susceptibility to smoking within the combined GSTM1 and hOGG1 genotypes and the impact of green tea drinking on this. We completed a Phase II randomized, controlled, 3-arm tea intervention trial to study the effect of high consumption of decaffeinated green or black tea or water on urinary 8-OHdG among heavy smokers and to evaluate the roles of GSTM1 and hOGG1 genotypes as effect modifiers. Assessment of urinary 8-OHdG after adjustment for baseline measurements and other potential confounders revealed a significant effect of green tea consumption(P=0.001). The change from baseline was significant in all GSTM1-positive smokers regardless of their hOGG1 genotype. Our data show that consumption of 4 cups (960 mL) of tea/d is a feasible and safe approach and was associated with a significant decrease in urinary 8-OHdG among green tea consumers. Our finding also suggests that green tea intervention might be effective in decreasing DNA damage in the subgroup of smokers who are GSTM1 positive regardless of their hOGG1 genotype.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume138
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2008

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green tea
Tea
DNA damage
DNA Damage
Genotype
genotype
tea (beverage)
DNA repair
tobacco
oxidative stress
DNA adducts
DNA Repair
modifiers (genes)
black tea
smoking (food products)
Tobacco
smoke
Oxidative Stress
drinking
lesions (animal)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science

Cite this

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title = "Green tea consumption is associated with decreased DNA damage among GSTM1-positive smokers regardless of their hOGG1 genotype",
abstract = "The levels of tobacco-related DNA adducts in human tissues reflect a dynamic process that is dependent on the intensity and time of exposure to tobacco smoke, the metabolic balance between activation of detoxification mechanisms, and the removal of adducts by DNA repair and/or cell turnover. Urinary 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) is probably 1 of the most abundant DNA lesions formed during oxidative stress and is proposed as a sensitive biomarker of the overall oxidative DNA damage and repair. We performed this study to determine whether there were differences in increased oxidative stress susceptibility to smoking within the combined GSTM1 and hOGG1 genotypes and the impact of green tea drinking on this. We completed a Phase II randomized, controlled, 3-arm tea intervention trial to study the effect of high consumption of decaffeinated green or black tea or water on urinary 8-OHdG among heavy smokers and to evaluate the roles of GSTM1 and hOGG1 genotypes as effect modifiers. Assessment of urinary 8-OHdG after adjustment for baseline measurements and other potential confounders revealed a significant effect of green tea consumption(P=0.001). The change from baseline was significant in all GSTM1-positive smokers regardless of their hOGG1 genotype. Our data show that consumption of 4 cups (960 mL) of tea/d is a feasible and safe approach and was associated with a significant decrease in urinary 8-OHdG among green tea consumers. Our finding also suggests that green tea intervention might be effective in decreasing DNA damage in the subgroup of smokers who are GSTM1 positive regardless of their hOGG1 genotype.",
author = "Hakim, {Iman A} and Hsiao-Hui Chow and Harris, {Robin B}",
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T1 - Green tea consumption is associated with decreased DNA damage among GSTM1-positive smokers regardless of their hOGG1 genotype

AU - Hakim, Iman A

AU - Chow, Hsiao-Hui

AU - Harris, Robin B

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N2 - The levels of tobacco-related DNA adducts in human tissues reflect a dynamic process that is dependent on the intensity and time of exposure to tobacco smoke, the metabolic balance between activation of detoxification mechanisms, and the removal of adducts by DNA repair and/or cell turnover. Urinary 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) is probably 1 of the most abundant DNA lesions formed during oxidative stress and is proposed as a sensitive biomarker of the overall oxidative DNA damage and repair. We performed this study to determine whether there were differences in increased oxidative stress susceptibility to smoking within the combined GSTM1 and hOGG1 genotypes and the impact of green tea drinking on this. We completed a Phase II randomized, controlled, 3-arm tea intervention trial to study the effect of high consumption of decaffeinated green or black tea or water on urinary 8-OHdG among heavy smokers and to evaluate the roles of GSTM1 and hOGG1 genotypes as effect modifiers. Assessment of urinary 8-OHdG after adjustment for baseline measurements and other potential confounders revealed a significant effect of green tea consumption(P=0.001). The change from baseline was significant in all GSTM1-positive smokers regardless of their hOGG1 genotype. Our data show that consumption of 4 cups (960 mL) of tea/d is a feasible and safe approach and was associated with a significant decrease in urinary 8-OHdG among green tea consumers. Our finding also suggests that green tea intervention might be effective in decreasing DNA damage in the subgroup of smokers who are GSTM1 positive regardless of their hOGG1 genotype.

AB - The levels of tobacco-related DNA adducts in human tissues reflect a dynamic process that is dependent on the intensity and time of exposure to tobacco smoke, the metabolic balance between activation of detoxification mechanisms, and the removal of adducts by DNA repair and/or cell turnover. Urinary 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) is probably 1 of the most abundant DNA lesions formed during oxidative stress and is proposed as a sensitive biomarker of the overall oxidative DNA damage and repair. We performed this study to determine whether there were differences in increased oxidative stress susceptibility to smoking within the combined GSTM1 and hOGG1 genotypes and the impact of green tea drinking on this. We completed a Phase II randomized, controlled, 3-arm tea intervention trial to study the effect of high consumption of decaffeinated green or black tea or water on urinary 8-OHdG among heavy smokers and to evaluate the roles of GSTM1 and hOGG1 genotypes as effect modifiers. Assessment of urinary 8-OHdG after adjustment for baseline measurements and other potential confounders revealed a significant effect of green tea consumption(P=0.001). The change from baseline was significant in all GSTM1-positive smokers regardless of their hOGG1 genotype. Our data show that consumption of 4 cups (960 mL) of tea/d is a feasible and safe approach and was associated with a significant decrease in urinary 8-OHdG among green tea consumers. Our finding also suggests that green tea intervention might be effective in decreasing DNA damage in the subgroup of smokers who are GSTM1 positive regardless of their hOGG1 genotype.

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