Greenhouse environment control technologies for improving the sustainability of food production

T. Kozai, Chieri Kubota, M. Takagaki, T. Maruo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Protected cultivation, especially in Asia, is operated at a small scale (<0.1 ha) using a relatively low-cost structure. This type of operation is a low-input, low-output system with low resource use efficiency, while larger industrial operations (>1 ha) with high-input, high-output systems that adopt modern high technologies have increased in number during the past few decades. In contrast, technology-intensive indoor agriculture operations (i.e., plant factories with artificial lighting or PFALs) in urban/suburban areas are steadily increasing in number. Such operations are a potential driving force for the development of resource-efficient technology to enhance the sustainability of both small- And large-scale protected cultivation. This paper focuses on recently developed controlled-environment technologies for these contrasting but technologically complementary applications. We discuss: A) low-cost intelligent environment controllers suitable for small-scale greenhouses; B) the concept and methodology of variable rate control; and C) closed plant production system (CPPS) and PFALs. Topic A includes intelligent controllers that can be used independently at a cost of around 100 Euro, and can also be used as a distributed environmental controller connected with an integrative environment control system for a large-scale greenhouse. Examples include controllers for: 1) null balance CO2 enrichment; 2) variable-rate fogging; and 3) multi-purpose heat pumps.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationXXIX International Horticultural Congress on Horticulture: Sustaining Lives, Livelihoods and Landscapes (IHC2014): International Symposium on Innovation and New Technologies in Protected Cropping
PublisherInternational Society for Horticultural Science
Pages1-13
Number of pages13
Volume1107
ISBN (Electronic)9789462611016
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 23 2015

Publication series

NameActa Horticulturae
Volume1107
ISSN (Print)05677572

Fingerprint

controllers
food production
greenhouses
protected cultivation
suburban areas
heat pumps
factories
lighting
production technology
agriculture
methodology

Keywords

  • Artificial lighting
  • Fog cooling
  • Heat pump
  • Null balance CO enrichment
  • Resource use efficiency
  • Transplant production
  • Vpd control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Horticulture

Cite this

Kozai, T., Kubota, C., Takagaki, M., & Maruo, T. (2015). Greenhouse environment control technologies for improving the sustainability of food production. In XXIX International Horticultural Congress on Horticulture: Sustaining Lives, Livelihoods and Landscapes (IHC2014): International Symposium on Innovation and New Technologies in Protected Cropping (Vol. 1107, pp. 1-13). (Acta Horticulturae; Vol. 1107). International Society for Horticultural Science. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2015.1107.1

Greenhouse environment control technologies for improving the sustainability of food production. / Kozai, T.; Kubota, Chieri; Takagaki, M.; Maruo, T.

XXIX International Horticultural Congress on Horticulture: Sustaining Lives, Livelihoods and Landscapes (IHC2014): International Symposium on Innovation and New Technologies in Protected Cropping. Vol. 1107 International Society for Horticultural Science, 2015. p. 1-13 (Acta Horticulturae; Vol. 1107).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Kozai, T, Kubota, C, Takagaki, M & Maruo, T 2015, Greenhouse environment control technologies for improving the sustainability of food production. in XXIX International Horticultural Congress on Horticulture: Sustaining Lives, Livelihoods and Landscapes (IHC2014): International Symposium on Innovation and New Technologies in Protected Cropping. vol. 1107, Acta Horticulturae, vol. 1107, International Society for Horticultural Science, pp. 1-13. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2015.1107.1
Kozai T, Kubota C, Takagaki M, Maruo T. Greenhouse environment control technologies for improving the sustainability of food production. In XXIX International Horticultural Congress on Horticulture: Sustaining Lives, Livelihoods and Landscapes (IHC2014): International Symposium on Innovation and New Technologies in Protected Cropping. Vol. 1107. International Society for Horticultural Science. 2015. p. 1-13. (Acta Horticulturae). https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2015.1107.1
Kozai, T. ; Kubota, Chieri ; Takagaki, M. ; Maruo, T. / Greenhouse environment control technologies for improving the sustainability of food production. XXIX International Horticultural Congress on Horticulture: Sustaining Lives, Livelihoods and Landscapes (IHC2014): International Symposium on Innovation and New Technologies in Protected Cropping. Vol. 1107 International Society for Horticultural Science, 2015. pp. 1-13 (Acta Horticulturae).
@inbook{8db2cc87602f4ee29bb5d1d525e0df80,
title = "Greenhouse environment control technologies for improving the sustainability of food production",
abstract = "Protected cultivation, especially in Asia, is operated at a small scale (<0.1 ha) using a relatively low-cost structure. This type of operation is a low-input, low-output system with low resource use efficiency, while larger industrial operations (>1 ha) with high-input, high-output systems that adopt modern high technologies have increased in number during the past few decades. In contrast, technology-intensive indoor agriculture operations (i.e., plant factories with artificial lighting or PFALs) in urban/suburban areas are steadily increasing in number. Such operations are a potential driving force for the development of resource-efficient technology to enhance the sustainability of both small- And large-scale protected cultivation. This paper focuses on recently developed controlled-environment technologies for these contrasting but technologically complementary applications. We discuss: A) low-cost intelligent environment controllers suitable for small-scale greenhouses; B) the concept and methodology of variable rate control; and C) closed plant production system (CPPS) and PFALs. Topic A includes intelligent controllers that can be used independently at a cost of around 100 Euro, and can also be used as a distributed environmental controller connected with an integrative environment control system for a large-scale greenhouse. Examples include controllers for: 1) null balance CO2 enrichment; 2) variable-rate fogging; and 3) multi-purpose heat pumps.",
keywords = "Artificial lighting, Fog cooling, Heat pump, Null balance CO enrichment, Resource use efficiency, Transplant production, Vpd control",
author = "T. Kozai and Chieri Kubota and M. Takagaki and T. Maruo",
year = "2015",
month = "12",
day = "23",
doi = "10.17660/ActaHortic.2015.1107.1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "1107",
series = "Acta Horticulturae",
publisher = "International Society for Horticultural Science",
pages = "1--13",
booktitle = "XXIX International Horticultural Congress on Horticulture: Sustaining Lives, Livelihoods and Landscapes (IHC2014): International Symposium on Innovation and New Technologies in Protected Cropping",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Greenhouse environment control technologies for improving the sustainability of food production

AU - Kozai, T.

AU - Kubota, Chieri

AU - Takagaki, M.

AU - Maruo, T.

PY - 2015/12/23

Y1 - 2015/12/23

N2 - Protected cultivation, especially in Asia, is operated at a small scale (<0.1 ha) using a relatively low-cost structure. This type of operation is a low-input, low-output system with low resource use efficiency, while larger industrial operations (>1 ha) with high-input, high-output systems that adopt modern high technologies have increased in number during the past few decades. In contrast, technology-intensive indoor agriculture operations (i.e., plant factories with artificial lighting or PFALs) in urban/suburban areas are steadily increasing in number. Such operations are a potential driving force for the development of resource-efficient technology to enhance the sustainability of both small- And large-scale protected cultivation. This paper focuses on recently developed controlled-environment technologies for these contrasting but technologically complementary applications. We discuss: A) low-cost intelligent environment controllers suitable for small-scale greenhouses; B) the concept and methodology of variable rate control; and C) closed plant production system (CPPS) and PFALs. Topic A includes intelligent controllers that can be used independently at a cost of around 100 Euro, and can also be used as a distributed environmental controller connected with an integrative environment control system for a large-scale greenhouse. Examples include controllers for: 1) null balance CO2 enrichment; 2) variable-rate fogging; and 3) multi-purpose heat pumps.

AB - Protected cultivation, especially in Asia, is operated at a small scale (<0.1 ha) using a relatively low-cost structure. This type of operation is a low-input, low-output system with low resource use efficiency, while larger industrial operations (>1 ha) with high-input, high-output systems that adopt modern high technologies have increased in number during the past few decades. In contrast, technology-intensive indoor agriculture operations (i.e., plant factories with artificial lighting or PFALs) in urban/suburban areas are steadily increasing in number. Such operations are a potential driving force for the development of resource-efficient technology to enhance the sustainability of both small- And large-scale protected cultivation. This paper focuses on recently developed controlled-environment technologies for these contrasting but technologically complementary applications. We discuss: A) low-cost intelligent environment controllers suitable for small-scale greenhouses; B) the concept and methodology of variable rate control; and C) closed plant production system (CPPS) and PFALs. Topic A includes intelligent controllers that can be used independently at a cost of around 100 Euro, and can also be used as a distributed environmental controller connected with an integrative environment control system for a large-scale greenhouse. Examples include controllers for: 1) null balance CO2 enrichment; 2) variable-rate fogging; and 3) multi-purpose heat pumps.

KW - Artificial lighting

KW - Fog cooling

KW - Heat pump

KW - Null balance CO enrichment

KW - Resource use efficiency

KW - Transplant production

KW - Vpd control

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84983119882&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84983119882&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.17660/ActaHortic.2015.1107.1

DO - 10.17660/ActaHortic.2015.1107.1

M3 - Chapter

AN - SCOPUS:84983119882

VL - 1107

T3 - Acta Horticulturae

SP - 1

EP - 13

BT - XXIX International Horticultural Congress on Horticulture: Sustaining Lives, Livelihoods and Landscapes (IHC2014): International Symposium on Innovation and New Technologies in Protected Cropping

PB - International Society for Horticultural Science

ER -