Growth behavior and structure of alkyltrichlorosilane monolayers bearing thioacetate and acetate tailgroups

Yue Zhong Du, Laurie L. Wood, S. Scott Saavedra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

The growth behavior of self-assembled monolayer (SAM) films formed from Cl3SiC11H22OCOCH3 (C11Ac) and Cl3SiC16H32SCOCH3 (C16Sc) on oxidized Si wafers at room temperature was investigated using atomic force microscopy (AFM), water contact angle measurements, and ellipsometry. Both silanes form thin films via nucleation of islands, similar to the growth behavior of n-octadecyltrichlorosilane (OTS) SAMs, although the island morphology is distinct for each molecule. Near-confluent monolayer films are obtained for both C11Ac and C16Sc after substrate immersion periods of 10-60 min. The ellipsometric thickness of both types of SAMs is less than that expected for a close-packed, all-trans ensemble of methylene chains aligned parallel to the substrate surface normal, suggesting a liquid crystalline-like structure in which methylene groups are present at the outer film surface. This model is supported by surface wettability data obtained on C11Ac SAMs that were reduced in situ to generate hydroxy-terminated films. When the deposition time is greater than 1 h, C11Ac forms highly disordered films of multilayer thickness that are much rougher than the films obtained at shorter deposition times. Multilayer formation is not observed with C16Sc, although increased deposition times also result in adsorption of additional, submonolayer amounts of material.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)161-169
Number of pages9
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering C
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1999

Keywords

  • Acetate
  • Alkyltrichlorosilane
  • Thioacetate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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