Growth, nonspecific immune characteristics, and survival upon challenge with Vibrio harveyi in Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) raised on diets containing algal meal

Thasanee Nonwachai, Watchariya Purivirojkul, Chalor Limsuwan, Niti Chuchird, Mario Velasco, Arun K. Dhar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

A 70-day growth trial was conducted with postlarvae 12 (PL12) Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) to study the suitability of soybean meal and oil originating from a single-celled microorganism (thraustochytrid) as fishmeal and fish oil substitutes in practical diets for L. vannamei. The growth, survival rate and immune characteristics were evaluated. Seven experimental diets were designed with soybean meal used as the primary protein source; each formulation contained 33% crude protein and 8% lipid. Fish oil was completely substituted with 3% soybean oil and meals originating from single-celled heterotrophs rich in docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid (ARA) were added at different concentrations. A commercial shrimp feed was used as the control diet. The final weights and survival rates of the shrimp were not significantly different among all treatments. However, shrimp raised on diets supplemented with marine algal meals rich in DHA and ARA showed significant improvement in immune parameters, such as total hemocyte count, phenoloxidase activity, superoxide dismutase activity, and bactericidal activity. Additionally, the survival rate after challenge with Vibrio harveyi was increased. These findings demonstrated that substitution of thraustochytrid-derived meals as an alternative to fish-based ingredients in shrimp diets provided similar growth rates while increasing the immune parameters and providing vibriosis resistance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)298-304
Number of pages7
JournalFish and Shellfish Immunology
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Algal meal
  • Arachidonic acid (ARA)
  • Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)
  • Feed substitutes
  • Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Aquatic Science

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