Guayule biomass production under irrigation

F. S. Nakayama, D. A. Bucks, Robert L Roth, B. R. Gardner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biomass, rubber, and resin yields of the drought-tolerant guayule plant (Parthenium argentatum, Gray) can be greatly enhanced with irrigation. In arid environments, guayule yield increases were closely related to the amount of water added. Nitrogen additions also increased yields whenever water availability was not a yield-limiting factor. Yield functions were derived using evapotranspiration, as well as water and nitrogen applications as the primary variables. Water use efficiencies for biomass production of irrigated guayule were in the order of 0·7 and 0·5 kg m-3 for the Mesa and Yuma sites, Arizona, respectively. The efficiency values were lower than other crops grown in the same area. Yields at reduced rates, however, were obtainable even when the plants were under extreme water stress that would be totally damaging to other crops.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)173-178
Number of pages6
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume35
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991

Fingerprint

guayule
Irrigation
Biomass
biomass production
irrigation
Water
biomass
Nitrogen
Crops
Droughts
Rubber
Dehydration
crop
Evapotranspiration
Parthenium argentatum
Drought
nitrogen
arid environment
water use efficiency
rubber

Keywords

  • Guayule
  • irrigation
  • water use efficiency
  • yield function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Food Science
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Cite this

Guayule biomass production under irrigation. / Nakayama, F. S.; Bucks, D. A.; Roth, Robert L; Gardner, B. R.

In: Bioresource Technology, Vol. 35, No. 2, 1991, p. 173-178.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nakayama, F. S. ; Bucks, D. A. ; Roth, Robert L ; Gardner, B. R. / Guayule biomass production under irrigation. In: Bioresource Technology. 1991 ; Vol. 35, No. 2. pp. 173-178.
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