Habitat area and climate stability determine geographical variation in plant species range sizes

Naia Morueta-Holme, Brian Enquist, Brian J. Mcgill, Brad Boyle, Peter M. Jørgensen, Jeffrey E. Ott, Robert K. Peet, Irena Šímová, Lindsey L. Sloat, Barbara Thiers, Cyrille Violle, Susan K. Wiser, Steven Dolins, John C. Donoghue, Nathan J B Kraft, Jim Regetz, Mark Schildhauer, Nick Spencer, Jens Christian Svenning

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Despite being a fundamental aspect of biodiversity, little is known about what controls species range sizes. This is especially the case for hyperdiverse organisms such as plants. We use the largest botanical data set assembled to date to quantify geographical variation in range size for ~ 85 000 plant species across the New World. We assess prominent hypothesised range-size controls, finding that plant range sizes are codetermined by habitat area and long- and short-term climate stability. Strong short- and long-term climate instability in large parts of North America, including past glaciations, are associated with broad-ranged species. In contrast, small habitat areas and a stable climate characterise areas with high concentrations of small-ranged species in the Andes, Central America and the Brazilian Atlantic Rainforest region. The joint roles of area and climate stability strengthen concerns over the potential effects of future climate change and habitat loss on biodiversity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1446-1454
Number of pages9
JournalEcology Letters
Volume16
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2013

Fingerprint

geographical variation
range size
climate
habitat
habitats
biodiversity
habitat loss
glaciation
Central America
habitat destruction
rainforest
rain forests
climate change
plant species
organisms

Keywords

  • Climate stability
  • Geographical range size
  • Habitat area
  • New World
  • Plants
  • Rapoport's rule

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Cite this

Morueta-Holme, N., Enquist, B., Mcgill, B. J., Boyle, B., Jørgensen, P. M., Ott, J. E., ... Svenning, J. C. (2013). Habitat area and climate stability determine geographical variation in plant species range sizes. Ecology Letters, 16(12), 1446-1454. https://doi.org/10.1111/ele.12184

Habitat area and climate stability determine geographical variation in plant species range sizes. / Morueta-Holme, Naia; Enquist, Brian; Mcgill, Brian J.; Boyle, Brad; Jørgensen, Peter M.; Ott, Jeffrey E.; Peet, Robert K.; Šímová, Irena; Sloat, Lindsey L.; Thiers, Barbara; Violle, Cyrille; Wiser, Susan K.; Dolins, Steven; Donoghue, John C.; Kraft, Nathan J B; Regetz, Jim; Schildhauer, Mark; Spencer, Nick; Svenning, Jens Christian.

In: Ecology Letters, Vol. 16, No. 12, 12.2013, p. 1446-1454.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Morueta-Holme, N, Enquist, B, Mcgill, BJ, Boyle, B, Jørgensen, PM, Ott, JE, Peet, RK, Šímová, I, Sloat, LL, Thiers, B, Violle, C, Wiser, SK, Dolins, S, Donoghue, JC, Kraft, NJB, Regetz, J, Schildhauer, M, Spencer, N & Svenning, JC 2013, 'Habitat area and climate stability determine geographical variation in plant species range sizes', Ecology Letters, vol. 16, no. 12, pp. 1446-1454. https://doi.org/10.1111/ele.12184
Morueta-Holme, Naia ; Enquist, Brian ; Mcgill, Brian J. ; Boyle, Brad ; Jørgensen, Peter M. ; Ott, Jeffrey E. ; Peet, Robert K. ; Šímová, Irena ; Sloat, Lindsey L. ; Thiers, Barbara ; Violle, Cyrille ; Wiser, Susan K. ; Dolins, Steven ; Donoghue, John C. ; Kraft, Nathan J B ; Regetz, Jim ; Schildhauer, Mark ; Spencer, Nick ; Svenning, Jens Christian. / Habitat area and climate stability determine geographical variation in plant species range sizes. In: Ecology Letters. 2013 ; Vol. 16, No. 12. pp. 1446-1454.
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