Habitat sampling and habitat selection by female Wild Turkeys

Ecological correlates and reproductive consequences

Alexander Badyaev, Thomas E. Martin, William J. Etges

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Habitat sampling can allow much more effective habitat selection for long-term activities such as nesting and may be directly linked to fitness. We studied the process of habitat sampling and selection in female Wild Turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo) in the Arkansas Ozarks. In particular, we tested the prediction that movements prior to selecting nesting habitat correlate with the quality of selected habitat. Our results supported the prediction that greater habitat sampling (as reflected by greater area covered prior to nesting) allows acquisition of better nesting habitat; greater movements were correlated with choice of better nesting sites with more cover that allow higher nest survival. Attributes of individual birds and habitat dispersion influenced movement patterns and access to quality habitats. In addition, extent of habitat sampling early in the season correlated with reproductive performance by affecting renesting. Distance between subsequent nest locations was inversely related to the movements early in the season and also depended upon length of incubation before nest predation. Females that sampled larger areas after depredation of their first nest and did so outside of their prenesting range were more successful than other females.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)636-646
Number of pages11
JournalAuk
Volume113
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1996
Externally publishedYes

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habitat preferences
habitat selection
sampling
habitat
habitats
nests
nest
nest predation
Ozarks
prediction
habitat quality
nesting sites
fitness
incubation
reproductive performance
bird
predation
birds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology

Cite this

Habitat sampling and habitat selection by female Wild Turkeys : Ecological correlates and reproductive consequences. / Badyaev, Alexander; Martin, Thomas E.; Etges, William J.

In: Auk, Vol. 113, No. 3, 07.1996, p. 636-646.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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