Hairless regulates p53 target genes to exert tumor suppressive functions in glioblastoma

Lemlem Brook, Patricia Palade, Anas Maatough, Graham Kerr Whitfield, Lis San Emeterio, David Hsieh, Jui Cheng Hsieh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common malignant brain tumor and is associated with a poor prognosis, with most patients living less than a year after diagnosis. Given that GBM nearly always recurs after conventional treatments, there is an urgent need to identify novel molecular targets. Hairless (HR) is a nuclear factor enriched in the skin and has been previously implicated in hair cycling. HR is also highly expressed in the brain, but its significance is unknown. We found that human hairless gene (HR) expression is significantly decreased in all GBM subtypes compared with normal brain tissue and is predictive of prognosis, which suggests that loss of HR expression can contribute to GBM pathogenesis. HR was recently discovered to bind to and regulate p53 responsive elements, and thus we hypothesized that HR may have a tumor suppressive function in GBM by modulating p53 target gene expression. We found that HR indeed regulates p53 target genes, including those implicated in cell cycle progression and apoptosis in the GBM-derived U87 cell line, and restoring HR expression triggered G2/M arrest and apoptosis. An analysis of sequenced genomes from patients with GBM revealed 10 HR somatic mutations in patients with glioma, two of which are located in the histone demethylase domain of HR. These two mutations, P996S and K1004N, were reconstructed and found to have impaired p53 transactivating properties. Collectively, the results of our study suggest that HR has tumor suppressive functions in GBM, which may be clinically relevant and a potential avenue for therapeutic intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)533-543
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Cellular Biochemistry
Volume120
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2019

Keywords

  • apoptosis
  • cell cycle arrest
  • hairless (HR)
  • p53 responsive element (p53RE)
  • viability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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