[half-Cys4,half-Cys10]-α-Melanocyte-stimulating hormone

A cyclic α-melanotropin exhibiting superagonist biological activity

T. K. Sawyer, Victor J Hruby, P. S. Darman, M. E. Hadley

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154 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

α-Melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-melanotropin; α-MSH) is a linear tridecapeptide (Ac-Ser-Tyr-Ser-Met-Glu-His-Phe-Arg-Trp-Gly-Lys-Pro-Val-NH2) that reversibily darkens amphibian skins by stimulating melanosome (pigment granule) dispersion within melanophores. By using a number of in vitro melanocyte assays, we have examined the conformational requirements for α-MSH activity. Synthesis of [half-Cys4,half-Cys10]-α-MSH, a cyclic, conformationally restricted, 'isosteric' analogue of α-MSH, provided a melanotropin with a potency > 10,000 times that of the native hormone in stimulating frog (Rana pipiens) skin darkening. The cyclic analogue also showed substantially prolonged activity relative to the native hormone. [half-Cys4,half-Cys10]-α-MSH was ≃30 times more potent than α-MSH in stimulating lizard (Anolis carolinensis) skin melanophores in vitro. By using a cell-free Cloudman S-91 mouse melanoma plasma membrane preparation, we found the cyclic analogue to be ≃3 times as potent as the native hormone in stimulating adenylate cyclase activity. These results provide insight into the conformational requirements for biological activity of α-MSH, and the comparative conformational requirements of α-MSH at a number of pigment cell receptors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1751-1755
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume79
Issue number6 I
StatePublished - 1982

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Melanocyte-Stimulating Hormones
Melanophores
Hormones
Skin
Rana pipiens
Melanosomes
Lizards
Melanocytes
Amphibians
Adenylyl Cyclases
Anura
Melanoma
Cell Count

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General
  • Genetics

Cite this

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title = "[half-Cys4,half-Cys10]-α-Melanocyte-stimulating hormone: A cyclic α-melanotropin exhibiting superagonist biological activity",
abstract = "α-Melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-melanotropin; α-MSH) is a linear tridecapeptide (Ac-Ser-Tyr-Ser-Met-Glu-His-Phe-Arg-Trp-Gly-Lys-Pro-Val-NH2) that reversibily darkens amphibian skins by stimulating melanosome (pigment granule) dispersion within melanophores. By using a number of in vitro melanocyte assays, we have examined the conformational requirements for α-MSH activity. Synthesis of [half-Cys4,half-Cys10]-α-MSH, a cyclic, conformationally restricted, 'isosteric' analogue of α-MSH, provided a melanotropin with a potency > 10,000 times that of the native hormone in stimulating frog (Rana pipiens) skin darkening. The cyclic analogue also showed substantially prolonged activity relative to the native hormone. [half-Cys4,half-Cys10]-α-MSH was ≃30 times more potent than α-MSH in stimulating lizard (Anolis carolinensis) skin melanophores in vitro. By using a cell-free Cloudman S-91 mouse melanoma plasma membrane preparation, we found the cyclic analogue to be ≃3 times as potent as the native hormone in stimulating adenylate cyclase activity. These results provide insight into the conformational requirements for biological activity of α-MSH, and the comparative conformational requirements of α-MSH at a number of pigment cell receptors.",
author = "Sawyer, {T. K.} and Hruby, {Victor J} and Darman, {P. S.} and Hadley, {M. E.}",
year = "1982",
language = "English (US)",
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journal = "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America",
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T1 - [half-Cys4,half-Cys10]-α-Melanocyte-stimulating hormone

T2 - A cyclic α-melanotropin exhibiting superagonist biological activity

AU - Sawyer, T. K.

AU - Hruby, Victor J

AU - Darman, P. S.

AU - Hadley, M. E.

PY - 1982

Y1 - 1982

N2 - α-Melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-melanotropin; α-MSH) is a linear tridecapeptide (Ac-Ser-Tyr-Ser-Met-Glu-His-Phe-Arg-Trp-Gly-Lys-Pro-Val-NH2) that reversibily darkens amphibian skins by stimulating melanosome (pigment granule) dispersion within melanophores. By using a number of in vitro melanocyte assays, we have examined the conformational requirements for α-MSH activity. Synthesis of [half-Cys4,half-Cys10]-α-MSH, a cyclic, conformationally restricted, 'isosteric' analogue of α-MSH, provided a melanotropin with a potency > 10,000 times that of the native hormone in stimulating frog (Rana pipiens) skin darkening. The cyclic analogue also showed substantially prolonged activity relative to the native hormone. [half-Cys4,half-Cys10]-α-MSH was ≃30 times more potent than α-MSH in stimulating lizard (Anolis carolinensis) skin melanophores in vitro. By using a cell-free Cloudman S-91 mouse melanoma plasma membrane preparation, we found the cyclic analogue to be ≃3 times as potent as the native hormone in stimulating adenylate cyclase activity. These results provide insight into the conformational requirements for biological activity of α-MSH, and the comparative conformational requirements of α-MSH at a number of pigment cell receptors.

AB - α-Melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-melanotropin; α-MSH) is a linear tridecapeptide (Ac-Ser-Tyr-Ser-Met-Glu-His-Phe-Arg-Trp-Gly-Lys-Pro-Val-NH2) that reversibily darkens amphibian skins by stimulating melanosome (pigment granule) dispersion within melanophores. By using a number of in vitro melanocyte assays, we have examined the conformational requirements for α-MSH activity. Synthesis of [half-Cys4,half-Cys10]-α-MSH, a cyclic, conformationally restricted, 'isosteric' analogue of α-MSH, provided a melanotropin with a potency > 10,000 times that of the native hormone in stimulating frog (Rana pipiens) skin darkening. The cyclic analogue also showed substantially prolonged activity relative to the native hormone. [half-Cys4,half-Cys10]-α-MSH was ≃30 times more potent than α-MSH in stimulating lizard (Anolis carolinensis) skin melanophores in vitro. By using a cell-free Cloudman S-91 mouse melanoma plasma membrane preparation, we found the cyclic analogue to be ≃3 times as potent as the native hormone in stimulating adenylate cyclase activity. These results provide insight into the conformational requirements for biological activity of α-MSH, and the comparative conformational requirements of α-MSH at a number of pigment cell receptors.

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