Halothane metabolism in acyanotic and cyanotic patients undergoing open heart surgery

R. A. Moore, K. W. McNicholas, J. D. Gallagher, A Jay Gandolfi, I. G. Sipes, D. Kerns, D. L. Clark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The metabolism of halothane was examined in patients with acyanotic and cyanotic congenital heart disease undergoing open heart surgery. Statistically significant (P < 0.05) presurgical differences between acyanotic and cyanotic groups included pH (7.46 ± 0.02 vs 7.36 ± 0.02), PaO2 (277 ± 58 vs 51 ± 3 torr), O2 saturation (97 ± 1 vs 74 ± 4%), and hematocrit (45 ± 3 vs 58 ± 2%). Serum fluoride levels were significantly greater in cyanotic than in acyanotic groups 2-4 hours after initial exposure to halothane. Both groups had significant intragroup increases in serum levels of fluoride, bromide, and trifluoroacetic acid. Significant increases in serum levels of lactate dehydrogenase, creatinine phosphokinase, and glutamic oxaloacetate transaminase were observed in both groups, whereas, the cyanotic patients had additional significant increases in blood urea nitrogen and direct bilirubin. The cyanotic group also had higher total and direct serum bilirubin levels than the acyanotic group. Therefore, patients with cyanotic congenital heart disease had greater reductive metabolism of halothane than acyanotics. However, cyanotic and acyanotic patients had essentially similar postoperative derangements in hepatic and renal function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1257-1262
Number of pages6
JournalAnesthesia and Analgesia
Volume65
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1986
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Halothane
Thoracic Surgery
Serum
Fluorides
Bilirubin
Heart Diseases
Oxaloacetic Acid
Trifluoroacetic Acid
Blood Urea Nitrogen
Transaminases
Bromides
Hematocrit
L-Lactate Dehydrogenase
Creatinine
Phosphotransferases
Kidney
Liver

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Cite this

Moore, R. A., McNicholas, K. W., Gallagher, J. D., Gandolfi, A. J., Sipes, I. G., Kerns, D., & Clark, D. L. (1986). Halothane metabolism in acyanotic and cyanotic patients undergoing open heart surgery. Anesthesia and Analgesia, 65(12), 1257-1262.

Halothane metabolism in acyanotic and cyanotic patients undergoing open heart surgery. / Moore, R. A.; McNicholas, K. W.; Gallagher, J. D.; Gandolfi, A Jay; Sipes, I. G.; Kerns, D.; Clark, D. L.

In: Anesthesia and Analgesia, Vol. 65, No. 12, 1986, p. 1257-1262.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Moore, RA, McNicholas, KW, Gallagher, JD, Gandolfi, AJ, Sipes, IG, Kerns, D & Clark, DL 1986, 'Halothane metabolism in acyanotic and cyanotic patients undergoing open heart surgery', Anesthesia and Analgesia, vol. 65, no. 12, pp. 1257-1262.
Moore RA, McNicholas KW, Gallagher JD, Gandolfi AJ, Sipes IG, Kerns D et al. Halothane metabolism in acyanotic and cyanotic patients undergoing open heart surgery. Anesthesia and Analgesia. 1986;65(12):1257-1262.
Moore, R. A. ; McNicholas, K. W. ; Gallagher, J. D. ; Gandolfi, A Jay ; Sipes, I. G. ; Kerns, D. ; Clark, D. L. / Halothane metabolism in acyanotic and cyanotic patients undergoing open heart surgery. In: Anesthesia and Analgesia. 1986 ; Vol. 65, No. 12. pp. 1257-1262.
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