Hearing impairment and psychosis

L. M. Stein, Ole J Thienhaus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The study explores the relationship between hearing impairment and psychotic illness in twenty hospitalized patients (aged 55-77) using as controls twenty age-matched community-based older subjects with no psychiatric illness. All subjects received full psychiatric evaluations and comprehensive audiologic assessments. Data were analyzed by discriminant analysis and ANOVA. Experimental subjects were found to have significantly poorer unilateral pure tone averages (PTA) and significantly poorer bilateral speech discrimination ability than control subjects. Patients with a mood disorder had poorer unilateral PTAs than controls, but did not exhibit significantly poorer speech discrimination. Subjects with specifically paranoid ideation were found to have significantly better left ear speech discrimination than nonparanoid subjects. Our data suggest that hearing impairment should possibly be considered a potential risk factor for the development of psychosis in the elderly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)49-56
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Psychogeriatrics
Volume5
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Speech Perception
Hearing Loss
Psychotic Disorders
Psychiatry
Aptitude
Discriminant Analysis
Mood Disorders
Ear
Analysis of Variance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Hearing impairment and psychosis. / Stein, L. M.; Thienhaus, Ole J.

In: International Psychogeriatrics, Vol. 5, No. 1, 1993, p. 49-56.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Stein, L. M. ; Thienhaus, Ole J. / Hearing impairment and psychosis. In: International Psychogeriatrics. 1993 ; Vol. 5, No. 1. pp. 49-56.
@article{34696d40451540eaa9811988c4cc75e7,
title = "Hearing impairment and psychosis",
abstract = "The study explores the relationship between hearing impairment and psychotic illness in twenty hospitalized patients (aged 55-77) using as controls twenty age-matched community-based older subjects with no psychiatric illness. All subjects received full psychiatric evaluations and comprehensive audiologic assessments. Data were analyzed by discriminant analysis and ANOVA. Experimental subjects were found to have significantly poorer unilateral pure tone averages (PTA) and significantly poorer bilateral speech discrimination ability than control subjects. Patients with a mood disorder had poorer unilateral PTAs than controls, but did not exhibit significantly poorer speech discrimination. Subjects with specifically paranoid ideation were found to have significantly better left ear speech discrimination than nonparanoid subjects. Our data suggest that hearing impairment should possibly be considered a potential risk factor for the development of psychosis in the elderly.",
author = "Stein, {L. M.} and Thienhaus, {Ole J}",
year = "1993",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "5",
pages = "49--56",
journal = "International Psychogeriatrics",
issn = "1041-6102",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Hearing impairment and psychosis

AU - Stein, L. M.

AU - Thienhaus, Ole J

PY - 1993

Y1 - 1993

N2 - The study explores the relationship between hearing impairment and psychotic illness in twenty hospitalized patients (aged 55-77) using as controls twenty age-matched community-based older subjects with no psychiatric illness. All subjects received full psychiatric evaluations and comprehensive audiologic assessments. Data were analyzed by discriminant analysis and ANOVA. Experimental subjects were found to have significantly poorer unilateral pure tone averages (PTA) and significantly poorer bilateral speech discrimination ability than control subjects. Patients with a mood disorder had poorer unilateral PTAs than controls, but did not exhibit significantly poorer speech discrimination. Subjects with specifically paranoid ideation were found to have significantly better left ear speech discrimination than nonparanoid subjects. Our data suggest that hearing impairment should possibly be considered a potential risk factor for the development of psychosis in the elderly.

AB - The study explores the relationship between hearing impairment and psychotic illness in twenty hospitalized patients (aged 55-77) using as controls twenty age-matched community-based older subjects with no psychiatric illness. All subjects received full psychiatric evaluations and comprehensive audiologic assessments. Data were analyzed by discriminant analysis and ANOVA. Experimental subjects were found to have significantly poorer unilateral pure tone averages (PTA) and significantly poorer bilateral speech discrimination ability than control subjects. Patients with a mood disorder had poorer unilateral PTAs than controls, but did not exhibit significantly poorer speech discrimination. Subjects with specifically paranoid ideation were found to have significantly better left ear speech discrimination than nonparanoid subjects. Our data suggest that hearing impairment should possibly be considered a potential risk factor for the development of psychosis in the elderly.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0027152020&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0027152020&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 8499573

AN - SCOPUS:0027152020

VL - 5

SP - 49

EP - 56

JO - International Psychogeriatrics

JF - International Psychogeriatrics

SN - 1041-6102

IS - 1

ER -