Heat shock protein 90 associates with the Per-Arnt-Sim domain of heme-free soluble guanylate cyclase: Implications for enzyme maturation

Anindya Sarkar, Yue Dai, Mohammad Mahfuzul Haque, Franziska Seeger, Arnab Ghosh, Elsa D. Garcin, William R. Montfort, Stanley L. Hazen, Saurav Misra, Dennis J. Stuehr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Heat shock protein 90 (hsp90) drives heme insertion into the β1 subunit of soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC) β1, which enables it to associate with a partner sGCoα1 subunit and mature into a nitric oxide (NO)-responsive active form. We utilized fluorescence polarization measurements and hydrogen-deuterium exchange mass spectrometry to define molecular interactions between the specific human isoforms hsp90β and apo-sGCβ1. hsp90β and its isolated M domain, but not its isolated N and C domains, bind with low micromolar affinity to a heme-free, truncated version of sGCβ1 (sGCβ1(1-359)-H105F). Surprisingly, hsp90β and its M domain bound to the Per-Arnt-Sim (PAS) domain of apo-sGC-β1(1-359), which lies adjacent to its heme-binding (H-NOX) domain. The interaction specifically involved solvent-exposed regions in the hsp90β M domain that are largely distinct from sites utilized by other hsp90 clients. The interaction strongly protected two regions of the sGCβ1 PAS domain and caused local structural relaxation in other regions, including a PAS dimerization interface and a segment in the H-NOX domain. Our results suggest a means by which the hsp90β interaction could prevent apo-sGCβ1 from associating with its partner sGCα1 subunit while enabling structural changes to assist heme insertion into the H-NOX domain. This mechanism would parallel that in other clients like the aryl hydrocarbon receptor and HIF1α, which also interact with hsp90 through their PAS domains to control protein partner and small ligand binding interactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21615-21628
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume290
Issue number35
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 28 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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